Theresa McSorley

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Cardiac myocytes have provided a key paradigm for the concept of the compartmentalized cAMP generation sensed by AKAP-anchored PKA. Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) provide the sole route for degrading cAMP in cells and are thus poised to regulate intracellular cAMP gradients. PDE3 and PDE4 represent the major cAMP degrading activities in rat ventriculocytes. By(More)
1. Challenge of COS1 cells with the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin led to the activation of recombinant PDE4A8, PDE4B1, PDE4C2 and PDE4D5 cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase long isoforms. 2. Forskolin challenge did not activate mutant long PDE4 isoforms where the serine target residue (STR) within the protein kinase A (PKA) consensus phosphorylation site(More)
Isoproterenol challenge of Hek-B2 cells causes a transient recruitment of the endogenous PDE4D isoforms found in these cells, namely PDE4D3 and PDE4D5, to the membrane fraction. PDE4D5 provides around 80% of the total PDE4D protein so recruited, although it only comprises about 40% of the total PDE4D protein in Hek-B2 cells. PDE4D5 provides about 80% of the(More)
The beta-adrenergic receptor/cyclic AMP/protein kinase A (PKA) signalling pathway regulates heart rate and contractility. Here, we identified a supramolecular complex consisting of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2), its negative regulator phospholamban (PLN), the A-kinase anchoring protein AKAP18delta and PKA. We show that AKAP18delta acts(More)
We employ a novel, dominant negative approach to identify a key role for certain tethered cyclic AMP specific phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) isoforms in regulating cyclic AMP dependent protein kinase A (PKA) sub-populations in resting COS1 cells. A fraction of PKA is clearly active in resting COS1 cells and this activity increases when cells are treated with(More)
PKA (protein kinase A) is tethered to subcellular compartments by direct interaction of its regulatory subunits (RI or RII) with AKAPs (A kinase-anchoring proteins). AKAPs preferentially bind RII subunits via their RII-binding domains. RII-binding domains form structurally conserved amphipathic helices with unrelated sequences. Their binding affinities for(More)
We have isolated cDNAs encoding PDE4B4, a new cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE4) isoform with novel properties. The amino acid sequence of PDE4B4 demonstrates that it is encoded by the PDE4B gene, but that it differs from the previously isolated PDE4B1, PDE4B2 and PDE4B3 isoforms by the presence of a novel N-terminal region of 17 amino acids. PDE4B4(More)
A plethora of stimuli including hormones and neurotransmitters mediate a rise of the cellular level of cAMP and thereby activation of protein kinase A (PKA). PKA phosphorylates and thereby modulates the activity of a wide range of cellular targets. It is now appreciated that different stimuli induce the activation of PKA at specific sites where the kinase(More)
Transcripts for the PDE4A10 cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase isoform are present in a wide variety of rat tissues including the heart. Sequence comparisons between the putative human and mouse promoters revealed a number of conserved regions including both an Sp1 and a CREB-binding site. The putative mouse PDE4A10 promoter was amplified from genomic DNA and(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the rise in cutaneous capillary blood flow that occurs while heating a remote region of the body; i.e., indirect heating, is mediated by an increase in local heat flux secondary to the opening of larger vessels; e.g. AVAs. Twelve unanesthetized rats were placed in a chamber and exposed to a 35 degree(More)
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