Theresa L O'Donaughy

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Previous studies suggest that inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression within the pulmonary vasculature is increased in rats with chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary hypertension. We therefore hypothesized that enhanced iNOS expression associated with CH causes attenuated pulmonary vasoconstrictor responsiveness. To test this hypothesis, we(More)
To test the hypothesis that high osmolality acts in the brain to chronically support mean arterial pressure (MAP) and lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA), the osmolality of blood perfusing the brain was reduced in conscious water-deprived and water-replete rats by infusion of hypotonic fluid via bilateral nonoccluding intracarotid catheters. In(More)
Water deprivation is associated with increased excitatory amino acid (EAA) drive of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), but the mechanism is unknown. This study tested the hypotheses that the increased EAA activity is mediated by decreased blood volume and/or increased osmolality. This was first tested in urethane-anesthetized rats by determining(More)
Chronic hypoxia (CH) attenuates systemic vasoconstriction to a variety of agonists in conscious rats. Recent evidence suggests that similarly diminished responses to vasoconstrictors in aortic rings from CH rats may be due to increased endothelial heme oxygenase (HO) activity and enhanced production of the vasodilator carbon monoxide (CO). Thus we(More)
Chronic hypoxia (CH) is associated with both blunted agonist-induced and myogenic vascular reactivity, possibly due to an enhanced production of heme oxygenase (HO)-derived carbon monoxide (CO). However, the cellular location of the HO responsible for these effects has not been clearly established. Therefore, we examined the response to administration of(More)
Using deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt rats, we tested the hypothesis that increased plasma NaCl concentration supports sympathetic activity and blood pressure (BP) during salt-sensitive hypertension. One day before experimentation, femoral catheters and an electrode for measurement of lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA) probe were surgically(More)
Rats exposed to chronic hypoxia (CH; 4 wk at 0.5 atm) exhibit attenuated renal vasoconstrictor reactivity to phenylephrine (PE). Preliminary studies from our laboratory suggest that this response is mediated by hypoxic induction of heme oxygenase (HO) and subsequent release of the endogenous vasodilator carbon monoxide. Because vascular HO mRNA is increased(More)
To test the hypothesis that increased osmolality contributes to hypertension in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-hypertensive rats by acting in the brain, DOCA-salt and Sham-salt rats were instrumented with bilateral, nonoccluding intracarotid and femoral catheters. Two weeks prior, rats were uninephrectomized and received subcutaneous implants with(More)
We have developed a laboratory exercise that demonstrates arterial baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) in the conscious unrestrained rat, incorporating graduate level physiological topics as well as a hands-on exposure to conscious animal research. This demonstration utilizes rats chronically instrumented to measure cardiac output (CO), HR, and arterial(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) appears to inhibit sympathetic tone in anesthetized rats. However, whether NO tonically inhibits sympathetic outflow, or whether endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) promotes NO-mediated sympathoinhibition in conscious rats is unknown. To address these questions, we determined the effects of NO synthase (NOS) inhibition on renal sympathetic(More)
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