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Five synthetic prostaglandin E analogs (11-deoxyPGE1, 17-phenyl-ol-trinor prostaglandin E2, enisoprost, MB28767 and misoprostol) have been evaluated for their ability to produce mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. The Randall-Selitto paw withdrawal model of mechanical hyperalgesia was used. Following intradermal injections (2.5 microliters) into the dorsal(More)
We have studied prostaglandin E1-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat hindpaw, by assessing paw-withdrawal thresholds, before and after injecting prostaglandin E1 alone or with other agents, in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In normal and diabetic rats, prostaglandin E1 (1-1000 ng) produced a dose-dependent decrease in mechanical(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are cell mitogens and differentiating factors with neuroprotective properties in the CNS. We have already shown that endothelial cells genetically engineered to secrete human FGF-1 (RBEZ-FGF) survive implantation to neonatal rat brain (Johnston et al. (1996) J. Neurochem. 67, 1643-1652]. In this study, the effects of(More)
Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (eATP) acts as a neurotransmitter within the retina and brain, activating a range of ionotropic P2X and metabotropic P2Y receptors. In this study, the specific localization of the P2X4 receptor (P2X4-R) subunit was evaluated in the retina using fluorescence immunohistochemistry and pre-embedding immuno-electron(More)
ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS My thanks begin with my mentor, John Leong. It has been a priviledge and a pleasure to work under his guidance. He has been generous in so many ways and his advice has been invaluable. He has taught me the finer points of scientific research while allowing me tremendous freedoms. Sassetti, for all their advice and support. I also thank my(More)
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