Theresa E. Higgins

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The function of the human Tes protein, which has extensive similarity to zyxin in both sequence and domain organization, is currently unknown. We now show that Tes is a component of focal adhesions that, when expressed, negatively regulates proliferation of T47D breast carcinoma cells. Coimmunoprecipitations demonstrate that in vivo Tes is complexed with(More)
PTH is a major regulator of calcium homeostasis by mobilizing calcium through bone resorption. We show that the expression of collagenase-3 (MMP-13), a member of the family of matrix metalloproteinases, required for the cleavage of collagens in the bone, is increased upon PTH injection in mice. A cis-acting element in the collagenase-3 promoter was(More)
Native Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) is shown to be an extremely potent mitogen for Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. Half-maximal stimulation of DNA synthesis was obtained at concentrations of 1 and 2 pM for recombinant PMT (rPMT) and PMT, respectively. The degree of rPMT-induced DNA synthesis was comparable to that elicited by 10% fetal bovine serum and,(More)
The intracellular targeting of Ena/VASP family members is achieved via the interaction of their EVH1 domain with FPPPP sequence motifs found in a variety of cytoskeletal proteins, including lamellipodin, vinculin, and zyxin. Here we show that the LIM3 domain of Tes, which lacks the FPPPP motif, binds to the EVH1 domain of Mena, but not to those of VASP or(More)
Pasteurella multocida toxin, either native or recombinant (rPMT), is an extremely effective mitogen for Swiss 3T3 cells and acts at picomolar concentrations (Rozengurt, E., Higgins, T. E., Chanter, N., Lax, A. J., and Staddon, J. M. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 87, 123-127). Here, we show that similar concentrations of rPMT markedly stimulated the(More)
Mastoparan, a basic tetradecapeptide isolated from wasp venom, is a novel mitogen for Swiss 3T3 cells. This peptide induced DNA synthesis in synergy with insulin in a concentration-dependent manner; half-maximum and maximum responses were achieved at 14 and 17 microM, respectively. Mastoparan also stimulated DNA synthesis in the presence of other growth(More)
[D-Arg1,D-Trp5,7,9,Leu11]Substance P (SP) was identified out of a panel of novel SP analogues as the most potent inhibitor of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell growth. This analogue inhibited proliferation of H-510 and H-69 SCLC cells in liquid culture and in semisolid media (IC50, 5 microM). Colony formation stimulated by multiple neuropeptides, including(More)
Xanthine oxidase stimulates [3H]thymidine incorporation by 3T3 cells even in the absence of any added xanthine, but in the presence of, and synergistically with, insulin or various other growth-stimulating factors. Optimal stimulation was obtained with 2-3 mU enzyme/ml and higher concentrations were toxic. Xanthine oxidase also stimulated human peripheral(More)
The growth of many normal cells requires contact with an adhesive substratum, a requirement that is frequently abrogated in the transformed phenotype. We have explored pathways that can lead to the anchorage-independent growth of cultured Rat-1 fibroblasts. Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT), a 146-kDa mitogenic protein, caused a striking increase in the(More)
Pasteurella multocida toxin is a potent mitogen for cultured Swiss 3T3 cells where it causes an accumulation of inositol phosphates and activation of protein kinase C. The gene sequence described here coded for a 146 kDa protein. The ORF was preceded by a ribosome binding site and followed by a stem loop. There was no evidence for a signal sequence. The(More)