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IL-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine that has been shown to enhance natural killer (NK) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses, and to induce IFN-gamma production in vitro. In this study, we have examined the effects in vivo of administering purified murine rIL-12 to normal mice. Daily injections of rIL-12 i.p. (1 ng to 10 micrograms/day) caused(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL-12) activates natural killer (NK) and T cells with the secondary synthesis and release of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and other cytokines. IL-12-induced organ alterations are reported for mice and the pathogenetic role of IFN-gamma is investigated by the use of mice deficient in the IFN-gamma receptor (IFN-gamma R-/-). IL-12 caused a(More)
Recombinant murine interleukin (IL)-12 (rmIL-12) exhibits antitumor, antiviral, and antimicrobial activities and can modify allergic inflammatory reactions in animal models. Recombinant human IL-12 (rhIL-12) is currently in clinical trials for treatment of cancer, asthma, and viral hepatitis. Principally a phagocyte-derived cytokine, IL-12 targets natural(More)
The nucleoside analog 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC) is a potent inhibitor of the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus and a DNA chain terminator. In clinical trials in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, ddC treatment has been associated with a dose-limiting and dose-dependent, painful, sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. In(More)
Trophoblasts in normal and Brucella abortus-infected caprine placentas were examined by ultrastructural morphometric analysis to establish structural relationships of B abortus with cytoplasmic organelles; brucellae were identified with colloidal gold-labeled anti-B abortus bovine IgG. Cytotrophoblasts had large numbers of B abortus in cisternae of rough(More)
Pregnant goats were inoculated intravenously or in uterine arteries with Brucella abortus, and tissues from the uterus and placenta were examined by electron microscopy. Identification of B. abortus in placentae was with antibody-coated colloidal gold. B. abortus was first seen in phagosomes of erythrophagocytic trophoblasts and in the rough endoplasmic(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 is an early mediator of host response to inflammation, although its contribution to individual components of the acute phase reaction is still unclear. To evaluate how the hemodynamic, metabolic, and hormonal responses to sublethal endotoxemia compare with IL-1 administration, baboons received intravenously either lipopolysaccharide (LPS)(More)
Studies were performed to characterize the toxic effects of human rIL-2 in mice and to examine the mechanism of toxicity. Intraperitoneal administration of rIL-2 at doses greater than or equal to 2 X 10(6) U/kg twice each day for greater than or equal to 4 days led to toxicity in several strains of mice. The toxic effects of rIL-2 included the vascular leak(More)
Although IL-12 has been reported to synergize with c-kit ligand (KL) in promoting hematopoietic stem cell proliferation in vitro, administration of recombinant mouse IL-12 (rIL-12) to normal mice caused a dose- and time-dependent anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia in vivo. Decreased numbers of bone marrow cells were recovered from the tibiae of(More)