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Inflammatory bowel diseases, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, increase the risk of colorectal cancer in humans. It has been recently shown in humans and animal models that intestinal microbiota and host immunity are integral in the progression of large bowel diseases. Lymphocytes are widely believed to prevent bacterially induced(More)
Roles for host immune response in carcinogenesis are not well defined. Recent studies have shown that microbially driven inflammation can lead to colon cancer and that prior transfer of regulatory lymphocytes expressing CD4 and CD25 prevents the innate inflammatory events that lead to colon cancer in mice. To further examine the ability of regulatory(More)
Wound healing capability is inextricably linked with diverse aspects of physical fitness ranging from recovery after minor injuries and surgery to diabetes and some types of cancer. Impact of the microbiome upon the mammalian wound healing process is poorly understood. We discover that supplementing the gut microbiome with lactic acid microbes in drinking(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hepatic encephalopathy is a neuropsychiatric disorder of complex pathogenesis caused by acute or chronic liver failure. We investigated the effects of cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa with anti-inflammatory properties that activates the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 5-HT(1A) , on brain and liver functions(More)
The decline of circulating testosterone levels in aging men is associated with adverse health effects. During studies of probiotic bacteria and obesity, we discovered that male mice routinely consuming purified lactic acid bacteria originally isolated from human milk had larger testicles and increased serum testosterone levels compared to their age-matched(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Helicobacter pylori cag(+) strains and high-expression host interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) polymorphisms augment the risk for intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma, a malignancy that predominates in males. We examined the effects of an H. pylori cancer-associated determinant (cagE), IL-1beta, and host gender in a transgenic hypergastrinemic(More)
It is generally agreed that most colon cancers develop from adenomatous polyps, and it is this fact on which screening strategies are based. Although there is overwhelming evidence to link intrinsic genetic lesions with the formation of these preneoplastic lesions, recent data suggest that the tumor stromal environment also plays an essential role in this(More)
Risk for developing cancer rises substantially as a result of poorly regulated inflammatory responses to pathogenic bacterial infections. Anti-inflammatory CD4(+) regulatory cells (T(REG)) function to restore immune homeostasis during chronic inflammatory disorders. It seems logical that T(REG) cells would function to reduce risk of inflammation-associated(More)
Recent studies suggest health benefits including protection from cancer after eating fermented foods such as probiotic yogurt, though the mechanisms are not well understood. Here we tested mechanistic hypotheses using two different animal models: the first model studied development of mammary cancer when eating a Westernized diet, and the second studied(More)
Chronic inflammation contributes to the development of prostate cancer in humans. Here, we show that male Apc(Min/+) mice also develop prostate carcinoma with increasing age, mimicking that seen in humans in their 5th or 6th decade of life. Proinflammatory cytokines were significantly linked with cancer and increasing age in our mouse model; however,(More)