Theodosios D Filippatos

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BACKGROUND Increased concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), as well as of small dense LDL-C (sdLDL-C), are considered as cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE An assessment of the effects of ezetimibe and orlistat administration, alone or in combination, on LDL-C and sdLDL-C levels (primary endpoint), as well as on anthropometric(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical studies showed that lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) is a predictor for incident atherosclerotic disease. We have previously shown that among the LDL subfractions, Lp-PLA(2) activity is preferentially associated with the atherogenic small, dense (sdLDL) particles in vitro. We investigated whether Lp-PLA(2)(More)
BACKGROUND Increased concentration of small dense LDL cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and activity of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA(2)) are considered as emerging cardiovascular risk factors and are commonly encountered in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE The primary endpoint of this study was the effect of orlistat and(More)
OBJECTIVES In a 24-week, open-label, randomized, parallel-group study, we compared the efficacy and metabolic effects, beyond low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering, of atorvastatin (ATV) and rosuvastatin (RSV) in cardiovascular disease-free subjects with primary hyperlipidaemia, treated to an LDL-C target (130 mg/dL). METHODS After a 6-week(More)
The hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype (hypertriglyceridemia and increased waist circumference) has been proposed as an inexpensive tool to monitor individuals with the atherogenic metabolic triad, hyperinsulinemia, hyperapobetalipoproteinemia, and increased levels of small, dense LDL (sdLDL) particles. We assessed the association of the HTGW(More)
BACKGROUND Adipose tissue-derived leptin and adiponectin control hunger, energy expenditure, insulin sensitivity, endothelial function, reproduction and immunity and are thought to play a role in autoimmune diseases. However, their role in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is not clearly defined. Tumour necrosis factor ΤNF-α is a potential modulator of(More)
Orlistat, an anti-obesity drug, is a potent and specific inhibitor of intestinal lipases. In light of the recent US FDA approval of the over-the-counter sale of orlistat (60 mg three times daily), clinicians need to be aware that its use may be associated with less well known, but sometimes clinically relevant, adverse effects. More specifically, the use of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the longterm effects of the anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy infliximab, a drug known to reduce disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS Eighty-two patients (50 with RA, 32 with AS) aged 17-77 years were enrolled. All patients were treated with intravenous(More)
INTRODUCTION The American Diabetes Association (ADA) defines impaired fasting glucose (IFG) as fasting plasma glucose concentration of 100-125 mg/dl, whereas the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) define IFG as fasting plasma glucose levels of 110-125 mg/dl. We identified differences in metabolic parameters and(More)
INTRODUCTION Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH or Lp-PLA(2)) is a Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A(2) primarily associated in plasma with low density lipoproteins (LDL), especially with small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles. Increased plasma Lp-PLA(2) levels have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in large clinical trials. (More)