Theodorus Akerboom

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The modification of reactive protein sulfhydryls by S-nitrosoglutathione and other NO donors has been studied by gel isoelectric focusing. S-nitrosylated, unmodified, and S-glutathiolated protein forms are differentiated by this method. With specific antibodies for the protein of interest, both S-nitrosylation and S-glutathiolation of the protein were(More)
Microsomal glutathione transferase (GSTm) is activated up to fivefold by incubation with glutathione disulfide (GSSG). The process is reversed by the addition of an NADPH-regenerating system consisting of glutathione reductase and glucose 6-phosphate/glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. By treating the microsomes at different GSH/GSSG ratios a Kox value of(More)
  • Theodorus Akerboom, V Narayanaswami, M Kunst, H Sies
  • The Journal of biological chemistry
  • 1991
Uptake of the thioether S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione (DNPSG) in canalicular plasma membrane vesicles from rat liver is enhanced in the presence of ATP and exhibits an overshoot with a transient 5.5-fold accumulation of DNPSG. Stimulation by ATP is not caused by the generation of a membrane potential, based on responses of the indicator dye oxonol V.(More)
The formation of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) from amyl nitrite and n-butyl nitrite was studied in rat liver microsomes, employing N-ethylmaleimide (MalNEt) as an activator and indomethacin as an inhibitor of microsomal glutathione S-transferase (GST). Rates were compared with GST activity measured with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) as a substrate.(More)
The amount of glutathione present in hepatic protein mixed disulfides was determined to be 20-30 nmole/g liver. This was established using two specific enzymatic methods: (a) the coupled assay with DTNB and glutathione (GSSG) reductase and (b) a newly developed test using GSH transferase and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene for the estimation of GSH released(More)
The intracellular glutathione redox state was estimated using newly adapted methods for tissue analysis. Under standard perfusion conditions of rat liver perfused in situ, intracellular GSH content was 5.5 mumol X g of liver-1, and intracellular GSSG content was 18 nmol X g of liver-1, resulting in a GSH/GSSG ratio of 300. GSSG was transported from the(More)
Kinetic studies on the low- and high-Km transport systems for S-2,4-dinitrophenyl glutathione (DNP-SG) present in erythrocyte membranes were performed using inside-out plasma membrane vesicles. The high-affinity system showed a Km of 3.9 microM a Vmax of 6.3 nmol/mg protein per h, and the low-affinity system a Km of 1.6 mM and a Vmax of 131 nmol/mg protein(More)