Theodoros S. Kiropoulos

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of VEGF, 8-isoprostane and TNF-alpha in EBC and serum of patients with primary lung cancer prior to the initiation of any treatment, in order to evaluate their possible diagnostic role. Furthermore, associations between VEGF, 8-isoprostane and TNF-alpha levels in EBC and serum with clinicopathologic(More)
BACKGROUND Acute exposure to cigarette smoke is related to airway and systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. Little is known about the acute effect of cigarette smoking in smoking asthmatics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of smoking in airway and systemic inflammation and oxidative stress in normal smokers and patients with(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-endopeptidases responsible for degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components including basement membrane collagen, interstitial collagen, fibronectin, and various proteoglycans, during normal remodeling and repair processes. The turnover and remodeling of ECM must be tightly regulated since excessive or(More)
BACKGROUND The association between systemic sclerosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is well recognized. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported to play an important role in pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between systolic pulmonary artery pressure, clinical and functional(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of HRCT-confirmed emphysema on biomarkers evaluating airway and systemic inflammation in COPD patients. Forty-nine consecutive male COPD outpatients with stable COPD were divided in two groups according to the presence or absence of emphysema on HRCT. Patients underwent pulmonary function tests, plus(More)
Pleural effusion is a common complication of various diseases. Conventional methods are not always capable of establishing the cause of pleural effusion, so alternative tests are needed. The aim of this study was to explore means of discriminating between different pleural effusion groups, malignant, parapneumonic and tuberculous, based on the combined(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal illness characterized by progressive fibrosis resulting in severe dyspnea and impairment of lung function. Although the mechanisms by which lung fibrosis develops are not fully ascertained, recent findings suggest that oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of tissue(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a component of extracellular matrix and may play a role in the pleural inflammation which is implicated in parapneumonic effusions.The aim of the current study was to investigate HA levels in serum and pleura in patients with parapneumonic effusions. METHODS We prospectively studied pleural and serum levels of HA(More)
The pathways underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations (ECOPD) remain unclear. This study describes the clinical, functional and biochemical changes during recovery from ECOPD. Thirty hospitalized patients with Anthonisen's type-I ECOPD were evaluated on days 0 (admission), 3, 10 and 40. A five-symptom score (TSS), performance status(More)
BACKGROUND A local redox imbalance has been reported in pulmonary sarcoidosis. However, so far no study has described a systemic redox imbalance in this context. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the systemic oxidative stress in patients with sarcoidosis and determine its relationship to treatment and indices of disease severity. METHODS 35(More)