Theodore Xu

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We have examined the molecular organization of axons in the spinal cords of myelin-deficient (md) rats, which have profound CNS dysmyelination associated with oligodendrocyte cell death. Although myelin sheaths are rare, most large axons are at least partially surrounded by oligodendrocyte processes. At postnatal day 7 (P7), almost all node-like clusters of(More)
The secretion of synaptic and other vesicles is a complex process involving multiple steps. Many molecular components of the secretory apparatus have been identified, but how they relate to the different stages of vesicle release is not clear. We examined this issue in adrenal chromaffin cells, where capacitance measurements and amperometry allow us to(More)
NSF and alpha-SNAP have been shown to be required for SNARE complex disassembly and exocytosis. However, the exact requirement for NSF and alpha-SNAP in vesicular traffic through the secretory pathway remains controversial. We performed a study on the kinetics of exocytosis from bovine chromaffin cells using high time resolution capacitance measurement and(More)
We have examined the localization of contactin-associated protein (Caspr), the Shaker-type potassium channels, Kv1.1 and Kv1.2, their associated beta subunit, Kvbeta2, and Caspr2 in the myelinated fibers of the CNS. Caspr is localized to the paranodal axonal membrane, and Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kvbeta2 and Caspr2 to the juxtaparanodal membrane. In addition to the(More)
Protein Zero (P0), the major structural protein in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelin, acts as a homotypic adhesion molecule and is thought to mediate compaction of adjacent wraps of myelin membrane. E-Cadherin, a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, is also expressed in myelinating Schwann cells in the PNS and is involved in forming adherens(More)
The highly conserved SNARE proteins, SNAP-25, syntaxin and synaptobrevin, form a tight ternary complex, which is essential for exocytosis. Crystallization of this complex revealed a four-helix bundle with an unusual hydrophilic layer (zero layer) in its center. In order to evaluate the role of this layer in different kinetic components of secretion, we used(More)
Ezrin, radixin, and moesin (ERM proteins), as well as the neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor merlin/schwannomin, all belong to the protein 4.1 family, yet only merlin is a tumor suppressor in Schwann cells. To gain insight into the possible functions of ERM proteins in Schwann cells, we examined their localization in peripheral nerve, because we(More)
We screened for genes whose expression is significantly up- or downregulated during Wallerian degeneration in adult rat sciatic nerve with cDNA arrays. Fibroblast growth factor-5 (FGF-5) mRNA seemed to be induced. This was confirmed by northern blotting and in situ hybridization, as well as Western blotting for FGF-5 in axotomized nerve. Axon-Schwann cell(More)
We examined the organization of the molecular components of the nodal region in spontaneously diabetic BB-Wistar rats. Frozen sections and teased fibers from the sciatic nerves were immunostained for nodal (voltage-gated Na(+) channels, ankyrin(G), and ezrin), paranodal (contactin, Caspr, and neurofascin 155 kDa), and juxtaparanodal (Caspr2, the Shaker-type(More)
The clear cell variant of hepatocellular carcinoma is a rare entity, occurring at a frequency of less than 10% of hepatocellular carcinoma, with a female prevalence and usually associated with hepatitis C and cirrhosis. We reported a case of primary clear cell hepatocellular carcinoma occurring in a non-cirrhotic liver without history of hepatitis. Our(More)
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