Theodore W. Rudy

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This study investigated the effect of hamstring co-contraction with quadriceps on the kinematics of the human knee joint and the in-situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) during a simulated isometric extension motion of the knee. Cadaveric human knee specimens (n = 10) were tested using the robotic universal force moment sensor (UFS) system and(More)
PURPOSE Various techniques are used to produce the pivot shift phenomenon after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. In particular, the amount of applied axial tibial torque varies among examiners. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of the magnitude and direction of axial tibial torque in combination with valgus torque on the(More)
Despite its current popularity and relative success, endoscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) graft has not yet been perfected. Using a recently developed robotic/UFS testing system, we assessed the overall stability of porcine knees following ACL reconstruction with different sites of tibial(More)
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the major contributor to limit excessive anterior tibial translation (ATT) when the knee is subjected to an anterior tibial load. However, the importance of the medial and lateral structures of the knee can also play a significant role in resisting anterior tibial loads, especially in the event of an ACL injury.(More)
We developed a system that uses a 6-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) robotic manipulator combined with a 6-DOF force-moment sensor and a control system. The system is used to find and record the passive knee flexion path for controlling the knee flexion positions. It is also used to strain a knee structure by finding a multiple-DOF path in response to specific(More)
PURPOSE Although it is well known that the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a primary restraint of the knee under anterior tibial load, the role of the ACL in resisting internal tibial torque and the pivot shift test is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of these 2 external loading conditions on the kinematics of the(More)
Ligaments and other soft tissues, as well as bony contact, all contribute to anterior stability of the knee joint. This study was designed to measure the in situ force in the medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterolateral structures (PLS), and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in response to 110 N anterior tibial loading.(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the precision of ACL tunnel placement using: (1) CASPAR (orto MAQUET GmbH Co. KG)--an active robotic system, and (2) four orthopedic surgeons with various levels of experience (between 100 and 3,500 ACL reconstructions). The robotic system and each surgeon drilled tunnels for ACL reconstruction in 10 plastic knees(More)
This study investigated the impact of a combination of axial compressive and anterior-posterior tibial loads on the in situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament. An axial compressive load is believed to contribute to increased stability of the knee joint; however, its effect on in situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament has not been clearly(More)
The function of the anterior cruciate ligament was investigated for different conditions of kinematic constraint placed on the intact knee using a six-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator combined with a universal force-moment sensor. To do this, the in situ forces and force distribution within the porcine anterior cruciate ligament during anterior tibial(More)