Theodore T. Diakov

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Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPases (V-ATPases) are responsible for organelle acidification in all eukaryotic cells. The yeast V-ATPase, known to be regulated by reversible disassembly in response to glucose deprivation, was recently reported to be regulated by extracellular pH as well (Padilla-López, S., and Pearce, D. A. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281,(More)
Hyperosmotic stress activates an array of cellular detoxification mechanisms, including the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway. We report here that vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) activity helps provide osmotic tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. V-ATPase subunit genes exhibit complex haploinsufficiency interactions with HOG pathway components. vma(More)
Antiherpetic evaluation of five nonahydroxyterphenoyl-containing C-glycosidic ellagitannins, castalagin (1), vescalagin (2), grandinin (3), roburin B (5), and roburin D (7), was performed in cultured cells against four HSV-1 and HSV-2 strains, two of which were resistant to Acyclovir. All five ellagitannins displayed significant anti-HSV activities against(More)
Vacuolar and cytosolic pH are highly regulated in yeast cells and occupy a central role in overall pH homeostasis. We describe protocols for ratiometric measurement of pH in vivo using pH-sensitive fluorophores localized to the vacuole or cytosol. Vacuolar pH is measured using BCECF, which localizes to the vacuole in yeast when introduced into cells in its(More)
Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPases (V-ATPases) are highly conserved, ATP-driven proton pumps regulated by reversible dissociation of its cytosolic, peripheral V1 domain from the integral membrane V(o) domain. Multiple stresses induce changes in V1-V(o) assembly, but the signaling mechanisms behind these changes are not understood. Here we show that(More)
The regulator of ATPase of vacuoles and endosomes (RAVE) complex is implicated in vacuolar H(+)-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) assembly and activity. In yeast, rav1 mutants exhibit a Vma(-) growth phenotype characteristic of loss of V-ATPase activity only at high temperature. Synthetic genetic analysis identified mutations that exhibit a full,(More)
Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPases (V-ATPases) are highly conserved, ATPdriven proton pumps regulated by reversible dissociation of its cytosolic, peripheral V1 domain from the integral membrane Vo domain. Multiple stresses induce changes in V1-Vo assembly, but the signaling mechanisms behind these changes are not understood. Here we show that certain(More)
The RAVE complex (regulator of the H(+)-ATPase of vacuolar and endosomal membranes) is required for biosynthetic assembly and glucose-stimulated reassembly of the yeast vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase). Yeast RAVE contains three subunits: Rav1, Rav2, and Skp1. Rav1 is the largest subunit, and it binds Rav2 and Skp1 of RAVE; the E, G, and C subunits of the(More)
Abbreviations: RAVE, regulator of ATPase of vacuoles and endosomes; V-ATPase, vacuolar H-ATPase; SGA, synthetic genetic analysis; BCECF-AM, 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)carboxyfluorescein, acetoxymethyl ester; YEPD, yeast extract-peptone-dextrose medium; SC, fully supplemented minimal medium ABSTRACT The RAVE complex is implicated in V-ATPase(More)
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