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Activated protein C is a potent anticoagulant and profibrinolytic enzyme that can be derived from the vitamin-K-dependent serine protease zymogen, protein C, by the action of thrombin. Protein C antigen concentration was determined in plasmas from normals (n = 40) and from 38 patients with intravascular coagulation as evidenced by positive FDP (greater than(More)
We have analyzed the multimeric structure of factor VIII/von Willebrand factor in plasma by sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis using gels of varying porosity and a discontinuous buffer system. Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor bands were identified by reaction with 125I-labeled affinity-purified antibody and subsequent autoradiography. In 1% agarose(More)
A family with a history of recurring thrombosis was studied to determine if a plasma protein deficiency could account for the observed disease. Protein C levels in plasma were determined immunologically using the Laurell rocket technique. The propositus, his father, and his paternal uncle, who are severely affected, had 38-49% of normal levels of protein C(More)
Heterologous antiserum was prepared in rabbits against highly purified human antihemophilic factor (AHF, factor VIII). This antiserum blocked the clot-promoting properties of AHF and, when suitably absorbed, formed a single precipitin line against AHF upon immunoelectrophoresis. Material antigenically similar to normal AHF was detected in normal amounts in(More)
An acquired hemorrhagic disorder developed in two patients in association with postsplenectomy thrombocytosis and leukocytosis during the course of the myeloproliferative syndrome. The presence of acquired von Willebrand's disease in these individuals was demonstrated by a decrease or absence of the larger von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers, alteration(More)
In a randomized double-blind cross-over trial we gave either 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin or placebo to 12 patients with uremia, hemorrhagic tendencies, and prolonged bleeding times. After vasopressin infusion, all patients had shortened bleeding times, with the effect lasting for at least four hours in most cases. Platelet count, platelet cyclic AMP(More)
In order to evaluate the role of proteolysis in acquired von Willebrand's disease (vWD) associated with the myeloproliferative syndrome, we have determined the relative quantity of von Willebrand factor (vWF) fragments as compared with the intact 225 kDa subunit in four patients. The plasma vWF of each individual lacked large multimers; each had a prolonged(More)
We have investigated the localization of thrombospondin (TSP), fibrinogen, fibronectin, and von Willebrand factor in human platelets by transmission electron microscopy of antibody-stained ultrathin frozen sections. In negatively stained thin sections, alpha granules were identified on the basis of their smooth, roughly spherical shape, size, single(More)
We have evaluated the subunit composition of plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) and found evidence that cleavage is present in normal individuals, increased in IIA and IIB von Willebrand disease (vWD), but decreased or absent in variants with aberrant structure of individual oligomers. vWF was rapidly purified from plasma on an analytical scale by(More)