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The global bandwidth shortage facing wireless carriers has motivated the exploration of the underutilized millimeter wave (mm-wave) frequency spectrum for future broadband cellular communication networks. There is, however, little knowledge about cellular mm-wave propagation in densely populated indoor and outdoor environments. Obtaining this information is(More)
Quantitative models are presented that predict the effects of walls, office partitions, floors, and building layout on path loss at 914 MHz. The site-specific models have been developed based on the number of floors, partitions and concrete walls between the transmitter and receiver, and provide simple prediction rules which relate signal strength to the(More)
—With the severe spectrum shortage in conventional cellular bands, millimeter wave (mmW) frequencies between 30 and 300 GHz have been attracting growing attention as a possible candidate for next-generation micro-and picocellular wireless networks. The mmW bands offer orders of magnitude greater spectrum than current cellular allocations and enable very(More)
—Millimeter wave (mmW) frequencies between 30 and 300 GHz are a new frontier for cellular communication that offers the promise of orders of magnitude greater bandwidths combined with further gains via beamforming and spatial multiplexing from multi-element antenna arrays. This paper surveys measurements and capacity studies to assess this technology with a(More)
— This paper contains measured data and empirical models for 5.85-GHz radio propagation path loss in and around residential areas for the newly allocated U.S. National Information Infrastructure (NII) band. Three homes and two stands of trees were studied for outdoor path loss, tree loss, and house penetration loss in a narrow-band measurement campaign that(More)
—Wireless data traffic is projected to skyrocket 10 000 fold within the next 20 years. To tackle this incredible increase in wireless data traffic, a first approach is to further improve spectrally efficient systems such as 4G LTE in bands below 6 GHz by using more advanced spectral efficiency techniques. However, the required substantial increase in system(More)
This paper contains measured data and empirical models for 2.5 and 60 GHz in-building propagation path loss and multipath delay spread. Path loss measurements were recorded using a broadband sliding correlator channel sounder which recorded over 39000 power delay profiles (PDPs) in 22 separate locations in a modern office building. Transmitters and(More)
—This paper presents new envelope probability density functions (pdfs) that describe small-scale, local area fading experienced by narrow-band wireless receivers. The paper also develops novel pdfs that describe the local area fading of two specular mul-tipath components in the presence of other diffusely propagating waves. These pdfs are studied in the(More)