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Primate models are essential tools for translational research in stroke but are reportedly inconsistent in their ability to produce cortical infarcts of reproducible size. Here, we report a new stroke model using a transorbital, reversible, two-vessel occlusion approach in male rhesus macaques that produces consistent and reproducible cortical infarcts. The(More)
Cerebral ischemic injury is a significant portion of the burden of disease in developed countries; rates of mortality are high and the costs associated with morbidity are enormous. Recent therapeutic approaches have aimed at mitigating the extent of damage and/or promoting repair once injury has occurred. Often, patients at high risk of ischemic injury can(More)
Aging is usually accompanied by diminished immune protection upon infection or vaccination. Although aging results in well-characterized changes in the T cell compartment of long-lived, outbred, and pathogen-exposed organisms, their relevance for primary Ag responses remain unclear. Therefore, it remains unclear whether and to what extent the loss of naive(More)
To date, a therapy for Huntington's disease (HD), a genetic, neurodegenerative disorder, remains elusive. HD is characterized by cell loss in the basal ganglia, with particular damage to the putamen, an area of the brain responsible for initiating and refining motor movements. Consequently, patients exhibit a hyperkinetic movement disorder. RNA interference(More)
Non-human primates (NHPs) are an invaluable resource for the study of genetic regulation of disease mechanisms. The main disadvantage of using NHPs as a preclinical model of human disease is the difficulty of manipulating the monkey genome using conventional gene modifying strategies. Lentiviruses offer the possibility of circumventing this difficulty(More)
This article will detail some of the issues that must be considered as institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) review the use of nonhuman primates (NHPs) in research. As large, intelligent, social, long-lived, and non-domesticated animals, monkeys are amongst the most challenging species used in biomedical research and the duties of the IACUC(More)
Social group housing of rhesus macaques at biomedical facilities is advocated to improve the psychologic wellbeing of these intelligent and social animals. An unintended outcome of social housing in this species is increased intraspecific aggression resulting in cases of severe multiple trauma and posttraumatic shock. The metabolic correlates of oxygen debt(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that fetal pulmonary arterial circulation reacts to changes in fetal oxygenation status at near-term gestation. STUDY DESIGN A total of 20 rhesus macaques underwent fetal Doppler ultrasonography at near-term gestation. Right pulmonary artery (RPA), umbilical artery (UA), ductus arteriosus (DA), and ductus venosus (DV)(More)
The strict tropism of many pathogens for man hampers the development of animal models that recapitulate important microbe-host interactions. We developed a rhesus macaque model for studying Neisseria-host interactions using Neisseria species indigenous to the animal. We report that Neisseria are common inhabitants of the rhesus macaque. Neisseria isolated(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that fetal ventricular diastolic filling characteristics are related to fetal heart rate (FHR) and pulmonary vascular impedance. METHODS Rhesus monkeys underwent Doppler ultrasonography at near-term gestation. Tricuspid (TV) and mitral valve (MV) blood velocity waveforms were used to calculate maximum velocity (V-max) and(More)