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The intracellular localization of the S. cerevisiae transcription factor SWI5 is cell cycle dependent. The protein is nuclear in G1 cells but cytoplasmic in S, G2, and M phase cells. We have identified SWI5's nuclear localization signal (NLS) and show that it can confer cell cycle-dependent nuclear entry to a heterologous protein. Located within or close to(More)
To identify the membrane regions through which yeast mitochondria import proteins from the cytoplasm, we have tagged these regions with two different partly translocated precursor proteins. One of these was bound to the mitochondrial surface of ATP-depleted mitochondria and could subsequently be chased into mitochondria upon addition of ATP. The other(More)
A platform for high-throughput production and analysis of transgenic cassava (Manihot esculenta) has been developed for the variety 60444 and implemented to generate plants expressing traits for nutritional enhancement, modified metabolism, promoter analysis and disease resistance. Over a three and a half year period this system has been utilized to produce(More)
In budding yeast genes that encode G1 cyclins and proteins involved in DNA synthesis are transcriptionally activated in late G1. A transcription factor, called SBF, is composed of Swi4 and Swi6 proteins and activates transcription of G1 cyclin genes. A different, but related, complex called MBF binds to MCB elements (Mlu I cell cycle box) found in the(More)
During the inflammatory response, endothelial cells (EC) transiently upregulate a set of genes encoding, among others, cell adhesion molecules and chemotactic cytokines that together mediate the interaction of the endothelium with cells of the immune system. Gene upregulation is mediated predominantly at the transcriptional level and in many cases involves(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and E-selectin ligand-1 (ESL-1) are the two major selectin ligands on mouse neutrophils. Transfection experiments demonstrate that each ligand requires alpha1,3-fucosylation for selectin-binding. However, the relative contributions made by the two known myeloid alpha1, 3-fucosyltransferases Fuc-TVII or Fuc-TIV to(More)
Homothallic haploid yeast cells divide to produce a mother cell that switches mating type and a daughter cell that does not. This pattern is the result of HO endonuclease transcription exclusively in mother cells, and there only transiently in late G1 as cells undergo Start. SWI5 encodes an HO transcription factor that is expressed during the S, G2, and M(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10), originally described as a product of TH2 cell clones, has been recognized as a potential immunosuppressive cytokine. To investigate the relevance of IL-10 in melanoma patients in vivo, we studied IL-10 serum levels in 104 untreated patients in different stages of the disease; 20 healthy subjects and 22 patients with inflammatory(More)
Control over the nuclear transport of transcription factors (TFs) represents a level of gene regulation integral to cellular processes such as differentiation, transformation and signal transduction. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae TF SWI5 is excluded from the nucleus in a cell cycle-dependent fashion, mediated by phosphorylation by the cyclin-dependent kinase(More)
The entry of neutrophils into inflamed tissues is initiated by cell rolling on the blood vessel wall followed by arrest and transendothelial migration. Rolling is mediated by the selectins, while the two subsequent steps require activated beta 2-integrins. We have investigated whether the binding of P-selectin to mouse neutrophils could trigger the(More)