Theodore J. Tsomides

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Using a chemically homogeneous radiolabeled peptide of high specific activity (125I-QLSPYPFDL, 3.5 x 10(18) cpm per mole) we show that at a peptide concentration (5 pM) causing half-maximal lysis of target cells by a cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clone that recognizes the peptide in association with Ld, a class I MHC protein, only 3 peptide molecules on(More)
We have established long-term cultures of several cell lines stably and uniformly expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in order to (a) identify naturally processed HIV-1 peptides recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) from HIV-1-seropositive individuals and (b) consider the hypothesis that naturally occurring epitope densities on(More)
We determined equilibrium constants for the binding of 16 peptides (based on four T cell epitopes) to three MHC class I proteins (A2, Kb, and Ld) on intact cells and estimated the number of accessible peptide-binding sites on these cells. From these results, and the concentrations of peptides required to sensitize target cells for lysis by CD8+ CTL, we(More)
We report here that the intrinsic affinities of the antigen-specific T-cell receptors (TCR) of two unrelated CD8+ T-cell clones for their respective peptide-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) ligands are higher than the values generally thought to prevail for TCR. The TCR of one clone (2C) binds an allogeneic class I MHC protein (Ld) in association with(More)
CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognize cell surface complexes formed by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I) glycoproteins and antigenic peptides. We have identified a peptide nonamer (termed IV9) derived from the human immunodeficiency virus that is over a millionfold more active (at subpicomolar concentrations) than peptide analogues longer or(More)
The number of T cell receptors on CTL clone 2C that are required for recognition of various peptide-MHC or superantigen-MHC ligands were measured as a function of both the ligand density on target cells and the binding affinity of the TCR. Quantitative inverse correlations were determined between the number of TCRs required for recognition and the number of(More)
The alloreactive CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clone 2C was previously shown to recognize complexes made up of the class I MHC (MHC-I) molecule Ld and an octapeptide (LSPFPFDL, termed p2Ca) isolated from tissues of H-2d mice. Because peptide p2Ca has also been found in BALB.B (H-2b) mice, the strain from which clone 2C originated, the question arises as(More)
Class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins present peptide antigens to T cells during the immune response against viruses. Peptides are loaded into newly synthesized class I heterodimers in the endoplasmic reticulum such that most or all cell surface class I molecules contain peptides derived from endogenous or foreign proteins. We previously(More)
A line of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (660TIL) specifically lysed the autologous HLA-A2+ melanoma (660MEL) and also most A2+ melanoma cell lines. We immunoprecipitated A2 from a large number (>10(12)) of 660MEL cells, extracted naturally processed peptides, fractionated them by HPLC, screened the fractions for recognition by 660TIL, and found a single(More)