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Plasmodium falciparum-infected human erythrocytes evade host immunity by expression of a cell-surface variant antigen and receptors for adherence to endothelial cells. These properties have been ascribed to P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), an antigenically diverse malarial protein of 200-350 kDa on the surface of parasitized(More)
Malarial parasites exhibit striking genetic plasticity, a hallmark of which is an ever-increasing rate of resistance to new drugs, especially in Southeast Asia where multi-drug resistance (MDR) threatens the last line of antimalarial drugs, the artesunate compounds. Previous studies quantified the accelerated resistance to multiple drugs (ARMD) phenomenon,(More)
Ribbon-like structures result when amphotericin B interacts with lipid in an aqueous environment. At high ratios of amphotericin to lipid these structures, which are lipid-stabilized amphotericin aggregates, become prevalent resulting in a dramatic attenuation of amphotericin-mediated mammalian cell, but not fungal cell, toxicity. Studies utilizing(More)
The phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of the host infected erythrocyte plasma membrane (IEPM) have been determined for erythrocytes infected with the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. IEPM were prepared by selective lysis of the host erythrocyte (but not of the parasite membranes) with 0.1% saponin, followed by differential(More)
Trafficking pathways in malaria-infected erythrocytes are complex because the internal parasite is separated from the serum by the erythrocyte and parasitophorous vacuolar membranes. Intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum parasites can endocytose dextrans, protein A and an IgG2a antibody. Here we show that these macromolecules do not cross the erythrocyte(More)
The asexual maturation of Plasmodium falciparum is accompanied by the transport of parasite-encoded proteins to the erythrocyte plasma membrane. Activation of G proteins by treatment with aluminum fluoride produced an accumulation within the erythrocyte cytosol of vesicles coated with Plasmodium homologues of COPII and N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor,(More)
The rat monoclonal antibody, mAb 12C11, reacts with numerous proteins from mature asexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum. The largest is 315 kDa and is designated PfEMP3. A lambda gt11 expression library, generated from genomic DNA of Malayan Camp strain parasites, was screened with mAb 12C11. One positive clone, lambda 12.1.3, contained a 1.4-kb fragment(More)
The current model for hemoglobin ingestion and transport by intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites shares similarities with endocytosis. However, the model is largely hypothetical, and the mechanisms responsible for the ingestion and transport of host cell hemoglobin to the lysosome-like food vacuole (FV) of the parasite are poorly(More)
Although the biological function of DNA glycosylases is to protect the genome by removal of potentially cytotoxic or mutagenic bases, this investigation describes the existence of natural DNA glycosylases with activity on undamaged, nonmispaired bases. Gelonin, pokeweed antiviral protein, and ricin, previously described as ribosome-inactivating proteins,(More)
In rats chronically fed-ethanol, liver microsomes and mitochondria, brain synaptosomes and reconstituted vesicles of their respective membrane phospholipids are resistant to disordering by ethanol in vitro (membrane tolerance) after 35 days of ethanol exposure. (Taraschi et al, 1986a; Rottenberg et al, 1981). Specific phospholipids from ethanol-fed rats,(More)