Theodore F. Taraschi

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Plasmodium falciparum-infected human erythrocytes evade host immunity by expression of a cell-surface variant antigen and receptors for adherence to endothelial cells. These properties have been ascribed to P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), an antigenically diverse malarial protein of 200-350 kDa on the surface of parasitized(More)
Trafficking pathways in malaria-infected erythrocytes are complex because the internal parasite is separated from the serum by the erythrocyte and parasitophorous vacuolar membranes. Intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum parasites can endocytose dextrans, protein A and an IgG2a antibody. Here we show that these macromolecules do not cross the erythrocyte(More)
The current model for hemoglobin ingestion and transport by intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites shares similarities with endocytosis. However, the model is largely hypothetical, and the mechanisms responsible for the ingestion and transport of host cell hemoglobin to the lysosome-like food vacuole (FV) of the parasite are poorly(More)
During the development of the asexual stage of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, the composition, structure and function of the host cell membrane is dramatically altered, including the ability to adhere to vascular endothelium. Crucial to these changes is the transport of parasite proteins, which become associated with or inserted into the(More)
We reported that plant ribosome inactivating proteins (RIP) have a unique DNA glycosylase activity that removes adenine from single-stranded DNA (Nicolas, E., Beggs, J. M., Haltiwanger, B. M., and Taraschi, T. F. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 17216-17220). In this investigation, we further characterized the interaction of the RIP gelonin with single-stranded(More)
The asexual maturation of Plasmodium falciparum is accompanied by the transport of parasite-encoded proteins to the erythrocyte plasma membrane. Activation of G proteins by treatment with aluminum fluoride produced an accumulation within the erythrocyte cytosol of vesicles coated with Plasmodium homologues of COPII and N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor,(More)
Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites actively remodel the host cell cytosol and plasma membrane during the erythrocytic cycle. The focus of this investigation was to characterize intra-parasitic and -erythrocytic secretory pathways. Electron-dense vesicles, similar in appearance to mammalian secretory vesicles were detected in proximity to smooth(More)
Although the biological function of DNA glycosylases is to protect the genome by removal of potentially cytotoxic or mutagenic bases, this investigation describes the existence of natural DNA glycosylases with activity on undamaged, nonmispaired bases. Gelonin, pokeweed antiviral protein, and ricin, previously described as ribosome-inactivating proteins,(More)
Ribbon-like structures result when amphotericin B interacts with lipid in an aqueous environment. At high ratios of amphotericin to lipid these structures, which are lipid-stabilized amphotericin aggregates, become prevalent resulting in a dramatic attenuation of amphotericin-mediated mammalian cell, but not fungal cell, toxicity. Studies utilizing(More)