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Plasmodium falciparum-infected human erythrocytes evade host immunity by expression of a cell-surface variant antigen and receptors for adherence to endothelial cells. These properties have been ascribed to P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), an antigenically diverse malarial protein of 200-350 kDa on the surface of parasitized(More)
The phospholipid and fatty acid compositions of the host infected erythrocyte plasma membrane (IEPM) have been determined for erythrocytes infected with the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. IEPM were prepared by selective lysis of the host erythrocyte (but not of the parasite membranes) with 0.1% saponin, followed by differential(More)
Ribbon-like structures result when amphotericin B interacts with lipid in an aqueous environment. At high ratios of amphotericin to lipid these structures, which are lipid-stabilized amphotericin aggregates, become prevalent resulting in a dramatic attenuation of amphotericin-mediated mammalian cell, but not fungal cell, toxicity. Studies utilizing(More)
The asexual maturation of Plasmodium falciparum is accompanied by the transport of parasite-encoded proteins to the erythrocyte plasma membrane. Activation of G proteins by treatment with aluminum fluoride produced an accumulation within the erythrocyte cytosol of vesicles coated with Plasmodium homologues of COPII and N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor,(More)
Malarial parasites exhibit striking genetic plasticity, a hallmark of which is an ever-increasing rate of resistance to new drugs, especially in Southeast Asia where multi-drug resistance (MDR) threatens the last line of antimalarial drugs, the artesunate compounds. Previous studies quantified the accelerated resistance to multiple drugs (ARMD) phenomenon,(More)
The rat monoclonal antibody, mAb 12C11, reacts with numerous proteins from mature asexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum. The largest is 315 kDa and is designated PfEMP3. A lambda gt11 expression library, generated from genomic DNA of Malayan Camp strain parasites, was screened with mAb 12C11. One positive clone, lambda 12.1.3, contained a 1.4-kb fragment(More)
In rats chronically fed-ethanol, liver microsomes and mitochondria, brain synaptosomes and reconstituted vesicles of their respective membrane phospholipids are resistant to disordering by ethanol in vitro (membrane tolerance) after 35 days of ethanol exposure. (Taraschi et al, 1986a; Rottenberg et al, 1981). Specific phospholipids from ethanol-fed rats,(More)
Previously we demonstrated that fused phospholipid sheets can be formed from small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) comprised of saturated symmetric chain lipids by exposing them to concentrations of ethanol sufficient to cause bilayer interdigitation (Boni et al. (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1146, 247-257). Here we report that these sheets spontaneously form(More)
The origin of membraneous structures in the cytoplasm of human erythrocytes infected with the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, was determined by confocal fluorescence imaging microscopy. When infectious merozoites invaded erythrocytes labeled with the fluorescent, lipophilic, non-exchangeable molecules DiIC16 or DiOC16, a ring of fluorescence was(More)