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BACKGROUND Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) plays an important role in apoptotic cell death. The role of p38 MAPK in myocardial injury caused by ischemia/reperfusion, an extreme stress to the heart, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Studies were performed with isolated, Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. Ischemia alone caused a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence from cultured endothelial cell studies suggests that phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) through the PI3-kinase-Akt pathway increases NO production. This study was designed to elucidate the signaling pathway involved in the antiapoptotic effect of insulin in vivo and to test the hypothesis that(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that increased nitric oxide (NO) inactivation and concurrent peroxynitrite formation is responsible for endothelial dysfunction in the spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rat (SHRSP). In SHRSP, the aortic vasorelaxation to acetylcholine (ACh) was decreased (p < 0.05), but NO production was unchanged. Nitrotyrosine(More)
Several recent studies have demonstrated that thioredoxin (Trx) is an important antiapoptotic/cytoprotective molecule. The present study was designed to determine whether Trx activity is altered in the aging heart in a way that may contribute to increased susceptibility to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R). Compared to young animals, MI/R-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes increases the morbidity/mortality of ischemic heart disease, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Deficiency of both AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and adiponectin occurs in diabetes, but whether AMPK is cardioprotective or a central mediator of adiponectin cardioprotection in vivo remains unknown. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Omi/HtrA2 is a proapoptotic mitochondrial serine protease involved in caspase-dependent as well as caspase-independent cell death. However, the role of Omi/HtrA2 in the apoptotic cell death that occurs in vivo under pathological conditions remains unknown. The present study was designed to investigate whether Omi/HtrA2 plays an important role in(More)
OBJECTIVE Reduced plasma adiponectin (APN) in diabetic patients is associated with endothelial dysfunction. However, APN knockout animals manifest modest systemic dysfunction unless metabolically challenged. The protein family CTRPs (C1q/TNF-related proteins) has recently been identified as APN paralogs and some CTRP members share APN's metabolic regulatory(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is the earliest pathologic alteration in diabetic vascular injury and plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis. Plasma levels of adiponectin (APN), a novel vasculoprotective adipocytokine, are significantly reduced in diabetic patients, but its relationship with endothelial dysfunction remains unclear. The present(More)
The ability of N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) to cause vasodilation, and thereby produce a cardioprotective effect, has been well documented. The aim of this study was to investigate whether F2 might act as a Ca2+ antagonist. Myocytes were obtained from rat heart, and the whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to record Ca2+ current. Laser scanning(More)