Theodore A. Alston

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We have shown that 3-nitropropionate, an isoelectronic analogue of succinate, is a suicide inactivator of succinate dehydrogenase [succinate:(acceptor) oxidoreductase, EC 1.3.99.1] as follows. (i) When rat liver mitochondria oxidize succinate in the presence of 3-nitropropionate carbanion, the rate of O(2) consumption decreases exponentially to a zero(More)
We propose that adverse effects of the antibiotic metronidazole may be due, wholly or in part, to its conversion to a thiamine analog and consequent vitamin B1 antagonism. Consistent with this hypothesis, the drug is accepted as a substrate for the thiaminase (EC 2.5.1.2) elaborated as an exoenzyme by the human gut flora constituent Bacillus thiaminolyticus(More)
The nitric oxide (N = O) free radical exhibits potent cytocidal, mutagenic and vasodilatory properties. We have examined the hypothesis that the hydroxynitrosamino functionality (see sequence in text), which occurs naturally in antineoplastic and antihypertensive agents, will directly generate N = O following peroxidatic 1-electron oxidation. Cupferron (see(More)
1327 December 2014 B ecause of cerebrospinal fluid (csF) leak, orthostatic headaches sometimes follow neuraxial blockade or diagnostic lumbar puncture. etiology and treatment are straightforward in those settings, since a site of dural disruption is known.1,2 With patient consent, we present a case in which intracranial hypotension resulted from dural(More)
Uptake of L-2,4-diaminobutyric acid (DABA), a positively charged analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), by a synaptosomal fraction isolated from rat brain occurred with a Km of 54 +/- 12 microM and a Vmax of 1.3 +/- 0.2 nmol/min/mg protein. The transport of DABA was inhibited competitively by GABA whereas that of GABA was affected in the same manner by(More)