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BACKGROUND Dietary supplement use is increasing, but there are few comparable data on supplement intakes and how they affect the nutrition and health of European consumers. The aim of this study was to describe the use of dietary supplements in subsamples of the 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition(More)
It is considered that fruit and vegetable (F&V) protect against oesophagus and gastric cancer (GC). However, 2 recent meta-analyses suggest that the strength of association on GC seems to be weaker for vegetables than for fruit and weaker in cohort than in case-control studies. No evidence exists from cohort studies about adenocarcinoma of oesophagus (ACO).(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify dietary and lifestyle variables that may affect cognitive function in the elderly. DESIGN Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING General community residing in Athens and the surrounding Attica region of Greece. SUBJECTS A total of 732 men and women, 60 years or older, participating in the EPIC-Greece cohort (European(More)
OBJECTIVE This meta-analysis aims to quantitatively synthesize all studies that examine the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and risk of stroke, depression, cognitive impairment, and Parkinson disease. METHODS Potentially eligible publications were those providing effect estimates of relative risk (RR) for the association between(More)
Overall dietary patterns have been associated with health and longevity. We used principal component (PC) and cluster analyses to identify the prevailing dietary patterns of 99 744 participants, aged 60 years or older, living in nine European countries and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Elderly(More)
Epidemiologic studies suggest that a high intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with decreased risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract. We studied data from 345,904 subjects of the prospective European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited in seven European countries, who had completed a dietary questionnaire in(More)
BACKGROUND In response to the ongoing debate on the long-term effects of assisted reproduction technologies, such as IVF, we systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed available evidence on the association between controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF and risk of ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancer. METHODS Eligible studies were identified and(More)
BACKGROUND Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising from the lymphopoietic system including a wide range of subtypes of either B-cell or T-cell lymphomas. The few established risk factors for the development of these neoplasms include viral infections and immunological abnormalities, but their etiology remains largely unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND Diet has been reported to influence arterial blood pressure, and evidence indicates that the Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine whether the Mediterranean diet, as an entity, and olive oil, in particular, reduce arterial blood pressure. DESIGN Arterial blood pressure and several(More)
OBJECTIVE We have evaluated the effects on mortality of habitual low carbohydrate-high-protein diets that are thought to contribute to weight control. DESIGN Cohort investigation. SETTING Adult Greek population. SUBJECTS METHODS: Follow-up was performed from 1993 to 2003 in the context of the Greek component of the European Prospective Investigation(More)