Learn More
Measurements of simultaneous force and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in rat uterine smooth muscle have been made to elucidate the mechanisms involved when force produced spontaneously, by high-K+ depolarization or carbachol is altered by a change of intracellular pH (pHi). Rises in force and [Ca2+]i were closely correlated for all forms of(More)
Little is known about how hypercholesterolaemia affects Ca(2+) signalling in the vasculature of ApoE(-/-) mice, a model of atherosclerosis. Our objectives were therefore to determine (i) if hypercholesterolaemia alters Ca(2+) signalling in aortic endothelial cells before overt atherosclerotic lesions occur, (ii) how Ca(2+) signals are affected in older(More)
Apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice develop hypercholesterolemia and are a useful model of atherosclerosis. Hypercholesterolemia alters intracellular Ca(2+) signalling in vascular endothelial cells but our understanding of these changes, especially in the early stages of the disease process, is limited. We therefore determined whether(More)
1. We investigated the relationship between the action potential, Ca2+ and phasic force in intact guinea-pig ureter, following physiological activation. 2. The action potential elicited a Ca2+ transient consisting of three components: a fast increment, associated with the first action potential spike, a slower increment, associated with subsequent spikes(More)
Although there is evidence that caveolae and cholesterol play an important role in myocyte signalling processes, details of the mechanisms involved remain sparse. In this paper we have studied for the first time the clinically relevant intact coronary artery and measured in situ Ca(2+) signals in individual myocytes using confocal microscopy. We have(More)
1. We have investigated the effect of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase on excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in guinea-pig ureter, by measuring membrane currents, action potentials, intracellular [Ca2+] and force. 2. CPA (20 micrometers) significantly enhanced the amplitude and duration of phasic(More)
Calcium signalling in smooth muscles is complex, but our understanding of it has increased markedly in recent years. Thus, progress has been made in relating global Ca2+ signals to changes in force in smooth muscles and understanding the biochemical and molecular mechanisms involved in Ca2+ sensitization, i.e. altering the relation between Ca2+ and force.(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of smooth muscles presents many intriguing facets and questions concerning its roles, especially as these change with development, disease, and modulation of physiological activity. The SR's function was originally perceived to be synthetic and then that of a Ca store for the contractile proteins, acting as a Ca amplification(More)
In excitable tissues the refractory period is a critical control mechanism preventing hyperactivity and undesirable tetani, by preventing subsequent stimuli eliciting action potentials and Ca2+ entry. In ureteric smooth muscle, peristaltic waves that occur as invading pacemaker potentials produce long-lasting action potentials (300-800 ms) and(More)
The microcirculation is the site of gas and nutrient exchange. Control of central or local signals acting on the myocytes, pericytes and endothelial cells within it, is essential for health. Due to technical problems of accessibility, the mechanisms controlling Ca2+ signalling and contractility of myocytes and pericytes in different sections of(More)