Learn More
Using a survey questionnaire design, we investigated the incidence, site, and nature of jogging injuries among all participants of a popular 16 km race. The response rate was 83.6%. Of 4,358 male joggers, 45.8% had sustained jogging injuries during the 1 year study period, 14.2% had required medical care, and 2.3% had missed work because of jogging(More)
A transdermal nicotine patch, which delivers 0.7 mg/cm2 per 24 h and is available in sizes of 10, 20, and 30 cm2 was tested in subjects from 21 general medical practices in a 3-month, placebo-controlled randomised double-blind study. The nicotine group (n = 100) and the placebo group (n = 99) were similar at entry. Participants who smoked more than 20(More)
To investigate the effectiveness and tolerability of a transdermal nicotine system (TNS) as an aid towards easing smoking cessation, two double-blind placebo-controlled randomized field studies were performed. The TNS was available in sizes of 10, 20 and 30 cm2, delivering 7, 14 and 21 mg of nicotine per 24 h. A first study was undertaken in general medical(More)
Recently, an impressive increase in malignant thyroid tumours has been observed among children less than 15 years of age living in the Republic of Belarus at the time of the nuclear accident of Chernobyl in 1986. More than half of these patients lived in the region of Gomel, nearest to Chernobyl. Because of the very short time interval between the accident(More)
There is debate on whether the reported increase in the number of cases of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus is real and attributable to radiation released following the Chernobyl nuclear accident, or rather an artefact due to incorrect histological diagnosis, more complete case reporting and mass screening of children after the accident. We have(More)
The transdermal administration of nicotine by means of a transdermal nicotine system (TNS) affords a novel way of nicotine replacement to alleviate smoking cessation. The plasma levels of nicotine maintained with the TNS are in the range of the footpoint concentrations observed in smokers. The efficacy of the TNS was investigated in two placebo-controlled(More)
A pilot study was conducted to investigate the influence of electromagnetic fields in the short-wave range (3-30 MHz) radio transmitter signals on salivary melatonin concentration in dairy cattle. The hypothesis to be tested was whether EMF exposure would lower salivary melatonin concentrations, and whether removal of the EMF source would be followed by(More)
To investigate running activity, life-style, and endurance capacity of joggers, all competitors of a popular 16-km race were surveyed by questionnaire. The response rate was 83.6%, yielding a study population of 4358 male runners over age 16. In univariate analysis, there were significant associations between 16-km running time and weekly training distance(More)