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A theory is presented of the phase separation of supercoiled DNA into a nucleoid in a bacterial cell. The suspension consists of DNA interacting with globular proteins in excess salt. A cross virial between DNA and a protein is computed as well as the DNA self-energy arising from excluded volume. The cellular parameters of Escherichia coli would appear to(More)
A continuum computation is proposed for the bending stress stabilizing DNA that is hexagonally packed within bacteriophage T7. Because the inner radius of the DNA spool is rather small, the stress of the curved DNA genome is strong enough to balance its electrostatic self-repulsion so as to form a stable hexagonal phase. The theory is in accord with the(More)
DNA regions close to the origin of replication were visualized by the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-Lac repressor/lac operator system. The number of oriC-GFP fluorescent spots per cell and per nucleoid in batch-cultured cells corresponded to the theoretical DNA replication pattern. A similar pattern was observed in cells growing on microscope slides used(More)
  • Theo Odijk
  • 2008
A scaling analysis is presented of the statistics of long DNA confined in nanochannels and nanoslits. It is argued that there are several regimes in between the de Gennes and Odijk limits introduced long ago. The DNA chain folds back on itself giving rise to a global persistence length that may be very large owing to entropic deflection. Moreover, there is(More)
Nucleoids of Escherichia coli were isolated by osmotic shock under conditions of low salt in the absence of added polyamines or Mg(2+). As determined by fluorescence microscopy, the isolated nucleoids in 0.2 M NaCl are expanded structures with an estimated volume of about 27 microm(3) according to a procedure based on a 50% threshold for the fluorescence(More)
  • Theo Odijk
  • 2004
Several controversial issues concerning the packing of linear DNA in bacteriophages and globules are discussed. Exact relations for the osmotic pressure, capsid pressure and loading force are derived in terms of the hole size inside phages under the assumption that the DNA globule has a uniform density. A new electrostatic model is introduced for computing(More)
Molecular confinement offers new routes for arraying large DNA molecules, enabling single-molecule schemes aimed at the acquisition of sequence information. Such schemes can rapidly advance to become platforms capable of genome analysis if elements of a nascent system can be integrated at an early stage of development. Integrated strategies are needed for(More)