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Bacterial sepsis and septic shock result from the overproduction of inflammatory mediators as a consequence of the interaction of the immune system with bacteria and bacterial wall constituents in the body. Bacterial cell wall constituents such as lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycans, and lipoteichoic acid are particularly responsible for the deleterious(More)
Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) functions as an HDL receptor that promotes the selective uptake of cholesteryl esters (CEs). The physiological role of SR-BI in VLDL metabolism, however, is largely unknown. SR-BI deficiency resulted in elevated VLDL cholesterol levels, both on chow diet and upon challenge with high-cholesterol diets. To(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) has recently been identified as a key regulator of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, which is defective in familial HDL-deficiency syndromes such as Tangier disease. ABCA1 functions as a facilitator of cellular cholesterol and phospholipid efflux, and its expression is induced during cholesterol uptake(More)
BACKGROUND In mice, the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is essential for the delivery of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol to the liver and steroidogenic organs. Paradoxically, elevated HDL cholesterol levels are associated with increased atherosclerosis in SR-BI-knockout mice. It is unclear what role SR-BI plays in human metabolism. (More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs are being used in the oncology field to characterize tumors and predict the survival of cancer patients. Here, we explored the potential of microRNAs as biomarkers for coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS Using real-time PCR-based profiling, we determined the microRNA signature of peripheral(More)
OBJECTIVE Absence of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) in mice reduces plasma triglycerides and provides protection from obesity and insulin resistance, which would be predicted to be associated with reduced susceptibility to atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of SCD1 deficiency on atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The liver is considered the major "control center" for maintenance of whole body cholesterol homeostasis. This organ is the main site for de novo cholesterol synthesis, clears cholesterol-containing chylomicron remnants and low density lipoprotein particles from plasma and is the major contributor to high density lipoprotein (HDL; good cholesterol)(More)
Lung Krüppel-like factor (LKLF/KLF2) is an endothelial transcription factor that is crucially involved in murine vasculogenesis and is specifically regulated by flow in vitro. We now show a relation to local flow variations in the adult human vasculature: decreased LKLF expression was noted at the aorta bifurcations to the iliac and carotid arteries,(More)
P-selectin is of critical importance in early atherogenesis by initiating leukocyte rolling at the site of endothelial injury. In order to validate P-selectin as a candidate target for the development of anti-atherogenic strategies, we wanted to obtain quantitative information on P-selectin expression, and identify novel peptide-based lead structures that(More)
To investigate the potential for pregnane X receptor (PXR) ligands as antiatherosclerotic drugs, we have determined the effect of PXR activation on lipid metabolism in an established atherosclerotic mouse model. LDL receptor knockout mice were treated with the PXR agonist PCN. PCN induced a striking 66% decrease in plasma LDL-cholesterol levels. PCN did not(More)