Theo J. C. van Berkel

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Bacterial sepsis and septic shock result from the overproduction of inflammatory mediators as a consequence of the interaction of the immune system with bacteria and bacterial wall constituents in the body. Bacterial cell wall constituents such as lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycans, and lipoteichoic acid are particularly responsible for the deleterious(More)
Liver parenchymal cells play a dominant role in hepatic metabolism and thereby total body cholesterol homeostasis. To gain insight into the specific pathways and genes involved in the response of liver parenchymal cells to increased dietary lipid levels under atherogenic conditions, changes in parenchymal cell gene expression upon feeding a Western-type(More)
The effects of the cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-6 on the permeability of monolayers of rat cerebral endothelial cells (RCEC) were investigated to assess potential changes in the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). RCEC were cultured to tight monolayers with a trans endothelial electrical(More)
BACKGROUND Perivascular collar placement has been used as a means for localized atherosclerosis induction in a variety of experimental animal species. In mice, however, atherosclerosis-like lesions have thus far not been obtained by this method. The aim of this study was the development of a mouse model of rapid, site-controlled atherogenesis. METHODS AND(More)
The capacity of rat cerebral endothelial cells (RCEC) to form eicosanoids was determined after incubation with 14C-labelled arachidonic acid. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was the main metabolite formed by RCEC and was responsible for 54% of the total amount of eicosanoids produced. In contrast, in primary cultures of rat aorta endothelial cells, 32% of the(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is an important determinant for the uptake of triglyceride-rich emulsions and lipoproteins by the liver, and exerts affinity for both the LDL receptor (LDLr) and a distinct liver-specific recognition site. Our current aim was to assess the mechanism underlying the receptor-specificity of apoE-carrying lipoproteins. Triglyceride-rich(More)
Receptor-mediated cholesterol uptake has been suggested to play a role in maintaining the adrenal intracellular free cholesterol pool and the ability to produce hormones. Therefore, in the current study, we evaluated the importance of scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI)-mediated cholesteryl ester uptake from HDL for adrenal glucocorticoid hormone(More)
Previous studies with hypertriglyceridemic APOC3 transgenic mice have suggested that apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) may inhibit either the apoE-mediated hepatic uptake of TG-rich lipoproteins and/or the lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-mediated hydrolysis of TG. Accordingly, apoC3 knockout (apoC3(-/-)) mice are hypotriglyceridemic. In the present study, we(More)
The presence and upregulation of adhesion molecules on bovine brain endothelial cells (BBEC) were investigated. Monolayers of BBEC were incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1 beta (rhIL-1 beta), and interleukin-6 (rhIL-6) to simulate in vitro an inflammatory site in the cerebral capillaries. Adhesion of lymphocytes to BBEC increased 4.1-fold(More)
We have previously identified the E3 ubiquitin ligase-inducible degrader of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) (Idol) as a post-translational modulator of LDLR levels. Idol is a direct target for regulation by liver X receptors (LXRs), and its expression is responsive to cellular sterol status independent of the sterol-response element-binding(More)