Theo G. van Kooten

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Hydrophobins are small (ca. 100 amino acids) secreted fungal proteins that are characterized by the presence of eight conserved cysteine residues and by a typical hydropathy pattern. Class I hydrophobins self-assemble at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces into highly insoluble amphipathic membranes, thereby changing the nature of surfaces. Hydrophobic(More)
Biomaterial-associated infection of orthopaedic joint replacements is the second most common cause of implant failure. Yet, the microbiologic detection rate of infection is relatively low, probably because routine hospital cultures are made only of swabs or small pieces of excised tissue and not of the surfaces of potentially infected implants. Joint(More)
Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) have been proposed to exert beneficial effects after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) by engraftment in the tubular epithelium. However, BMDC can give rise to myofibroblasts and may contribute to fibrosis. BMDC contribution to the renal interstitial myofibroblast population in relation to fibrotic changes after IRI in(More)
Class I Hydrophobins self-assemble at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces into a highly insoluble amphipathic film. Upon self-assembly of these fungal proteins hydrophobic solids turn hydrophilic, while hydrophilic materials can be made hydrophobic. Hydrophobins thus change the nature of a surface. This property makes them interesting candidates to improve(More)
Hydrophobins such as SC3 and SC4 of Schizophyllum commune self-assemble into an amphipathic film at hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces. These proteins can thus change the nature of surfaces, which makes them attractive candidates to improve physio- and physico-chemical properties of implant surfaces. At a hydrophobic solid, assembly of the hydrophobin is(More)
A quantitative method to assess cell proliferation is one essential prerequisite for testing biomaterial cytocompatibility in vitro. Currently used methods, e.g. bromodeoxyuridine incorporation, show serious disadvantages concerning either sensitivity, specificity or handling. A new enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system for the quantification of(More)
To determine the strength of adhesion and the detachment mechanisms of fibroblasts from substrata with different wettability, the behaviour of adhered cells was studied in a parallel-plate flow chamber during exposure to shear. Adhered cells were observed in situ, i.e. in the flow chamber, by phase-contrast microscope and images were analysed(More)
A parallel-plate flow chamber is developed in order to study cellular adhesion phenomena. An image analysis system is used to observe individual cells exposed to flow in situ and to determine area, perimeter, and shape of these cells as a function of time and shear stress. With this flow system the behavior of human fibroblasts spread on glass is studied(More)
PURPOSE Accommodation can be restored to presbyopic human eyes by refilling the capsular bag with a soft polymer. This study was conducted to test whether accommodation, measurable as changes in optical refraction, can be restored with a newly developed refilling polymer in a rhesus monkey model. A specific intra- and postoperative treatment protocol was(More)
Biocompatibility of biomaterials relates, amongst others, to the absence of adverse cellular reactions and modulation of cell adhesion and subsequent responses. With respect to tissue-engineering applications, most materials need to evoke cell adhesion and spreading, while potentially displaying differential cell function. Adhesion has frequently been(More)