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Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) have been proposed to exert beneficial effects after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) by engraftment in the tubular epithelium. However, BMDC can give rise to myofibroblasts and may contribute to fibrosis. BMDC contribution to the renal interstitial myofibroblast population in relation to fibrotic changes after IRI in(More)
To determine the strength of adhesion and the detachment mechanisms of fibroblasts from substrata with different wettability, the behaviour of adhered cells was studied in a parallel-plate flow chamber during exposure to shear. Adhered cells were observed in situ, i.e. in the flow chamber, by phase-contrast microscope and images were analysed(More)
Hydrophobins are small (ca. 100 amino acids) secreted fungal proteins that are characterized by the presence of eight conserved cysteine residues and by a typical hydropathy pattern. Class I hydrophobins self-assemble at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces into highly insoluble amphipathic membranes, thereby changing the nature of surfaces. Hydrophobic(More)
A macrophage culture model was used to investigate the erosion of gamma irradiated poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) films. When the PTMC films were incubated in the culture medium, but physically separated from the cells by a membrane, no erosion occurred. In contrast, when the J774A macrophages were directly cultured on PTMC films, they adhered to the(More)
This manuscript presents a brief overview of the physiology and cell biology of the endothelium, which is the basis for understanding the role of endothelial cells in pathological processes as diverse as atherosclerosis, tumour intravasation and multiple organ failure. Following consideration of general aspects of endothelial function in regulating(More)
A parallel-plate flow chamber is developed in order to study cellular adhesion phenomena. An image analysis system is used to observe individual cells exposed to flow in situ and to determine area, perimeter, and shape of these cells as a function of time and shear stress. With this flow system the behavior of human fibroblasts spread on glass is studied(More)
Class I Hydrophobins self-assemble at hydrophilic-hydrophobic interfaces into a highly insoluble amphipathic film. Upon self-assembly of these fungal proteins hydrophobic solids turn hydrophilic, while hydrophilic materials can be made hydrophobic. Hydrophobins thus change the nature of a surface. This property makes them interesting candidates to improve(More)
AIMS Neointimal hyperplasia is a common feature of fibro-proliferative vascular disease and characterizes initial stages of atherosclerosis. Neointimal lesions mainly comprise smooth muscle-like cells. The presence of these lesions is related to local differences in shear stress. Neointimal cells may arise through migration and proliferation of smooth(More)
In vivo biocompatibility of soft-tissue implants is often hampered by development of capsules that eventually might contract and impair implant function. It has been shown that capsule formation can be significantly reduced by using materials with textured surface elements in the micron range. In this study the interaction of human fibroblasts with silicone(More)
Biomaterial-associated infection of orthopaedic joint replacements is the second most common cause of implant failure. Yet, the microbiologic detection rate of infection is relatively low, probably because routine hospital cultures are made only of swabs or small pieces of excised tissue and not of the surfaces of potentially infected implants. Joint(More)