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The inflammatory bowel diseases Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are common, chronic disorders that cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and gastrointestinal bleeding. To identify genetic factors that might contribute to these disorders, we performed a genome-wide association study. We found a highly significant association between Crohn's disease and the(More)
Several risk factors for Crohn's disease have been identified in recent genome-wide association studies. To advance gene discovery further, we combined data from three studies on Crohn's disease (a total of 3,230 cases and 4,829 controls) and carried out replication in 3,664 independent cases with a mixture of population-based and family-based controls. The(More)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are common causes of morbidity in children and young adults in the western world. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study in early-onset IBD involving 3,426 affected individuals and 11,963 genetically matched controls recruited through international(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis (UC) are associated with differential expression of genes involved in inflammation and tissue remodeling. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which direct mRNA degradation and translational inhibition, influence a number of disease processes. We examined whether miRNAs are differentially(More)
Nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a major transcription regulator of immune response, apoptosis and cell-growth control genes, and is upregulated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease. The NFKB1 gene encodes the NF-kappaB p105/p50 isoforms. Genome-wide screens in IBD families show evidence for linkage on(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple factors, particularly IBD family history, tobacco use, age at diagnosis and recently, NOD2 mutant genotypes may influence Crohn's disease (CD) heterogeneity. METHODS We performed a multicenter retrospective record analysis of 275 unrelated patients with CD. Age at diagnosis, IBD family history, Jewish ethnicity, tobacco use at(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), comprising primarily of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasingly prevalent in racial and ethnic minorities. This study was undertaken to characterize racial differences in disease phenotype in a predominantly adult population. METHODS Phenotype data on 830 non-Hispanic white, 127(More)
Capsule endoscopy (CE) provides noninvasive access to a large part of the small bowel that is otherwise inaccessible without invasive and traumatic treatment. However, it also produces large amounts of data (approximately 50,000 images) that must be then manually reviewed by a clinician. Such large datasets provide an opportunity for application of image(More)
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases characterized by dysregulated intestinal immune responses in genetically susceptible hosts. Conventional approaches to the medical therapy of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease can now be directed at either induction or maintenance of remission to improve therapeutic(More)