Thayer E. Scott

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BACKGROUND The standard of care for early-stage breast cancer includes surgical removal of the tumor and axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Despite increased use of breast-conserving surgery, lymphedema rates are similar to those with more radical surgery. HYPOTHESIS Women who experience breast cancer-related lymphedema have a measurable reduction in(More)
PURPOSE Most epidemiologic studies on chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) are cross-sectional surveys that suggest potential risk factors by describing their population. However, these relationships could be due to the CVI population's older age. We performed a dual case-control study with multivariate analysis to address this issue. METHODS Ninety-three(More)
We assessed the oral health status of 216 refugee torture survivors seeking care at an urban torture treatment center in the United States. Results showed that patients' dental health ranged from poor to fair; 76% had untreated cavities, and approximately 90% required immediate or near-immediate dental care. Torture treatment centers, in addition to(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontal disease has been shown to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease. Because coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) have similar pathophysiologies, we hypothesized that periodontal disease might be a risk factor for PVD. METHODS Using the combined data from the Normative Aging Study and Dental(More)
BACKGROUND The crisis in health care brings a new focus to defining successful outcomes of medical treatments. The surgical literature has been criticized for not assessing functional outcomes in addition to technical success. METHODS We evaluated the functional outcomes of limb salvage surgery over 3 years in 38 patients 65 years of age and older with(More)
BACKGROUND Since the late 1980s, several studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of periodontal disease to the self-reported history of stroke in the elderly (60 years of age and older) by examining the data of the Third National(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study showed the effectiveness of a clinical pathway for infrainguinal bypass surgery in reducing postoperative length of stay (LOS) in an acute care setting. Most of the deviations from the pathway were due to patient factors (50%) and/or external disposition problems (30%), but 20% were related to physician or system problems that(More)
Mucin hypersecretion from the gallbladder epithelium contributes to cholesterol gallstone formation by accelerating the nucleation of cholesterol-supersaturated bile. Prostaglandins (PGs) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) have both been implicated as potential mediators of mucin hypersecretion, but their roles are unclear. We fed prairie dogs a lithogenic(More)
Increased synthesis of prostaglandins in the wall of the gallbladder may play a role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones by mediating mucus hypersecretion and thereby accelerating nucleation and the precipitation of cholesterol-supersaturated bile. We induced gallstones in prairie dogs and guinea pigs by feeding a cholesterol-supplemented diet for(More)
Epidemiological studies have provided conflicting information about the relationship between fat consumption and gallstone formation. We studied cholesterol gallstone formation in prairie dogs after 1 wk of the following diets: (group A) a control diet with no added cholesterol and 5% of calories from corn oil, (group B) 1.2% cholesterol with 5% of calories(More)