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Autophagy is a crucial process for cells to maintain homeostasis and survival through degradation of cellular proteins and organelles, including mitochondria and endoplasmic reticula (ER). We previously demonstrated that temozolomide (TMZ), an alkylating agent for brain tumor chemotherapy, induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)/extracellular signal-regulated(More)
We previously showed that progesterone (P4) inhibits the proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC). Here, we further demonstrate that P4 at physiologic levels (5-500 nM) concentration-dependently inhibited migration of cultured RASMC. The effect is blocked by pretreatment with progesterone receptor (PR) antagonist, RU486. The P4-induced RASMC(More)
Cerebral ischemia is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, which results in cognitive and motor dysfunction, neurodegenerative diseases, and death. Evodiamine (Evo) is extracted from Evodia rutaecarpa Bentham, a plant widely used in Chinese herbal medicine, which possesses variable biological abilities, such as anticancer, anti-inflammation,(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of heparin-free veno-venous extracorporeal life support (VV ECLS) as a means of salvaging polytrauma patients with life-threatening hypoxemia. METHODS This is a retrospective observational study on 7 consecutive trauma patients who underwent VV ECLS for severe chest trauma(More)
The risks of surgery and its clinical outcome are of great importance for both patients and physicians when choosing coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery for coronary artery disease. The purpose of the current study was to clarify the relationship between serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and patient clinical outcome. Seventy-six eligible patients who(More)
BACKGROUND No single precise qualitative method is recommended for evaluating the severity of aortic regurgitation (AR). Quantitative methods for AR assessment are, typically, cumbersome and time-consuming. The purpose of this study was to develop a more comprehensive method for predicting the severity of AR. METHODS In all, 79 patients with normal left(More)
Acute cholecystitis following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), although rare, is a potentially life-threatening consequence of prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)procedures. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB), performed without sternotomy and without CPB, is perhaps the least traumatic type of CABG procedure.Nevertheless, we(More)
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