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PPARs (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors) are ligand-activated transcriptional factor receptors belonging to the so-called nuclear receptor family. The three isoforms of PPAR (alpha, beta/delta and gamma) are involved in regulation of lipid or glucose metabolism. Beyond metabolic effects, PPARalpha and PPARgamma activation also induces(More)
In stroke, there is an imperative need to develop disease-modifying drugs able to (1) induce neuroprotection and vasculoprotection, (2) modulate recovery and brain plasticity, and (3) limit the short-term motor and cognitive consequences. We hypothesized that fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) agonist, could exert a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) contribute to the vascular damage caused by transient cerebral ischaemia. Here we have evaluated the role of PMNs in intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) induced in a model of thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) during the acute phase of cerebral ischaemia. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
The impact of fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α) agonist, on the risk of thrombolysis-induced hemorrhage during the acute phase of stroke in a rat model of stroke was studied. One-hour middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator was made in rats receiving either(More)
1. The polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) activation and mobilization observed in acute cerebral infarction contribute to the brain tissue damage, but PMN could also be involved in postischemic functional injury of ischemied blood vessel. 2. This study was undertaken to investigate whether pharmacological neutropenia could modify the postischemic(More)
To explore the mechanisms of action of preventive neuroprotection induced by PPAR-alpha activation, we have evaluated the neuronal, vascular effects of preventive treatment with fenofibrate up until the induction of experimental brain ischaemia and fenofibrate treatment withdrawn 3days before ischaemia induction. Fenofibrate (200mg/kg/day) was administered(More)
In a model of 1 hour-intraluminal occlusion of rat middle cerebral artery (MCA), we investigated the spontaneous recovery of vascular functions and functional deficit together with ischemia volume evolution at 24 h, 3 days and 7 days of reperfusion. Infarct cerebral volumes and edema were quantified with histological methods. Endothelium-dependent and(More)
Stroke is one of the major causes of mortality and disability in adults in industrialized countries. Despite numerous preclinical studies and clinical trials in the field of cerebral ischemia, no pharmacological agent has been validated in the treatment of acute ischemic, except thrombolysis. Cerebral ischemia is not only a neuronal disease but it affects(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a pharmacologic agent inducing neutrophil mobilization and a new candidate for neuroprotection and neuroregeneration in stroke. Its effects when used in combination with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) were explored during the acute phase of ischemic stroke. We used a middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
BACKGROUND Even with optimal dopaminergic treatments, many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are frequently incapacitated by apathy prior to the development of dementia. We sought to establish whether rivastigmine's ability to inhibit acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterases could relieve the symptoms of apathy in dementia-free, non-depressed patients with(More)