Tharapriya Ramkumar

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BACKGROUND Tramadol is an atypical centrally acting analgesic agent available as both oral and parenteral preparations. For patients who are unable to take tramadol orally, the subcutaneous route of administration offers an easy alternative to intravenous or intramuscular routes. This study aimed to characterise the absorption pharmacokinetics of a single(More)
We have retrospectively analysed the usefulness of a subcutaneous tunnel in patients undergoing haemodialysis through a double lumen subclavian catheter; 194 catheters were used in 145 patients. In 105 patients a subcutaneous tunnel was created. Entry site infection was significantly higher in the no tunnel group (30%; P < 0.02). There was no statistically(More)
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