Thao Phuong Nguyen

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Mutations in SCN5A encoding the principal Na+ channel alpha-subunit expressed in human heart (Na(V)1.5) have recently been linked to an inherited form of dilated cardiomyopathy with atrial and ventricular arrhythmia. We compared the biophysical properties of 2 novel Na(V)1.5 mutations associated with this syndrome (D2/S4--R814W; D4/S3--D1595H) with the(More)
In order to characterize the pharmacological profile of the different chemical classes of pyridobenzazepine derivatives, a series of N-methylpiperazinopyrido[1,4]- and -[1,5]- benzoxa- and benzothiazepine derivatives were prepared. The affinities for D2, D1, 5-HT2, and cholinergic (M) receptors were measured. In comparison to dibenzazepine reference(More)
Unlike young hearts, aged hearts are highly susceptible to early afterdepolarization (EAD)-mediated ventricular fibrillation (VF). This differential may result from age-related structural remodeling (fibrosis) or electrical remodeling of ventricular myocytes or both. We used optical mapping and microelectrode recordings in Langendorff-perfused hearts and(More)
The discovery of a new, safe, atypical antipsychotic remains an important challenge. To achieve this goal, a series of N-methylpiperazinopyrido[2,3-b] [1,4]- and -[1,5]- and -pyrido[4,3-b][1,4]- and -[1,5]- benzodiazepines were synthesized. The dopaminergic (D1, D2), serotonergic (5-HT2), and cholinergic (M) affinities, frequently remarked in the action(More)
The D4/S4-5 interhelical region plays a role in sodium channel fast inactivation. Examination of S4-5 primary structure in all domains suggests a possible amphipathic helical conformation in which a conserved group of small hydrophobic residues occupies one contiguous surface with a more variable complement of nonpolar and polar residues on the opposite(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The best conceivable treatment for hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is the restoration of blood flow to the hypoxic-ischemic region(s). Our objective was to examine whether boosting NO-cGMP signaling using sildenafil citrate, a phosphodiesterase-type 5 inhibitor, could modify cerebral blood flow and reduce lesions in the developing brain. (More)
Voltage sensing is due mainly to the movement of positively charged S4 segments through the membrane electric field during changes of membrane potential. The roles of other transmembrane segments are under study. The S3 segment of domain 4 (D4/S3) in the sodium channel Na(v)1.4 carries two negatively charged residues and has been implicated in(More)
Irregularly occurring early afterdepolarizations (EADs) in cardiac myocytes are traditionally hypothesized to be caused by random ion channel fluctuations. In this study, we combined 1), patch-clamp experiments in which action potentials were recorded at different pacing cycle lengths from isolated rabbit ventricular myocytes under several experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Hypokalemia is known to promote ventricular arrhythmias, especially in combination with class III antiarrhythmic drugs like dofetilide. Here, we evaluated the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS Arrhythmias were recorded in isolated rabbit and rat hearts or patch-clamped ventricular myocytes exposed to hypokalemia (1.0-3.5(More)
Chronic pulmonary infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The macrolide antibiotics exhibit immunomodulatory and antivirulence activity. Clinical trials with azithromycin in CF have demonstrated significant improvements in pulmonary function and decreased(More)