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In this paper, we present a new algorithm for pixel labeling and image segmentation based on the standard Gaussian mixture model (GMM). Unlike the standard GMM where pixels themselves are considered independent of each other and the spatial relationship between neighboring pixels is not taken into account, the proposed method incorporates this spatial(More)
Standard Gaussian mixture modeling (GMM) is a well-known method for image segmentation. However, the pixels themselves are considered independent of each other, making the segmentation result sensitive to noise. To reduce the sensitivity of the segmented result with respect to noise, Markov random field (MRF) models provide a powerful way to account for(More)
Fuzzy c-means (FCM) with spatial constraints has been considered as an effective algorithm for image segmentation. Student's t-distribution has come to be regarded as an alternative to Gaussian distribution, as it is heavily tailed and more robust for outliers. In this letter, we propose a new algorithm to incorporate the merits of these two approaches. The(More)
The well-known finite mixture model (FMM) has been regarded as a useful tool for image segmentation application. However, the pixels in FMM are considered independent of each other and the spatial relationship between neighboring pixels is not taken into account. These limitations make the FMM more sensitive to noise. In this brief, we propose a simple and(More)
Sewage was enriched with 35 Escherichia coli strains, and sediments of enrichment cultures were studied in the electron microscope. They contained up to 10 varieties of morphologically different particles. T-even-type phages predominated in 14 samples. Thirteen phages were enriched, representing the families Myoviridae (seven), Styloviridae (two),(More)
Finite mixture model based on the Student's-t distribution, which is heavily tailed and more robust than Gaussian, has recently received great attention for image segmentation. A new finite Student's-t mixture model (SMM) is proposed in this paper. Existing models do not explicitly incorporate the spatial relationships between pixels. First, our model(More)
Finite mixture models with symmetric distribution have been widely used for many computer vision and pattern recognition problems. However, in many applications, the distribution of the data has a non-Gaussian and nonsymmetric form. This paper presents a new nonsymmetric mixture model for image segmentation. The advantage of our method is that it is simple,(More)