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Oncogenic Ras proteins transform animal cells to a malignant phenotype only when modified by farnesyl residues attached to cysteines near their carboxyl termini. The farnesyltransferase that catalyzes this reaction recognizes tetrapeptides of the sequence CAAX, where C is cysteine, A is an aliphatic amino acid, and X is a carboxyl-terminal methionine or(More)
Derivatives of human growth hormone (hGH) of increasing size were produced by reaction with the N-hydroxysuccinimide ester of polyethylene glycol-5000 (PEG5000), a 5-kDa reagent that selectively conjugates to primary amines. By adjusting the reaction conditions and purification procedure, it was possible to isolate hGH derivatives containing up to seven PEG(More)
Another class of growth hormone (GH) secretagogues has been discovered by altering the backbone structure of a flexible linear GH-releasing peptide (GHRP). In vitro and in vivo characterization confirms these GH secretagogues as the most potent and smallest (M(r) < 500) reported. Anabolic efficacy is demonstrated in rodents with intermittent delivery. A(More)
Reexamination of the hexapeptide GH-releasing peptide (GHRP-6) structure/function has lead to the development of four novel classes of compound that stimulate GH release. Each class is represented as follows: a pentapeptide, G-7039; a tetrapeptide, G-7134; a pseudotripeptide, G-7502; and a rigid cyclic heptapeptide, G-7203. The EC50 values for these(More)
A structural survey of protein Zn2+ binding geometries was instigated based upon the functional requirement of Ras farnesyltransferase for Zn2+. The Cys-X-X-Cys motif found in Zn(2+)-binding proteins such as aspartate transcarbamylase was used as a template to devise a bidentate-coordination model for Cys-A1-A2-X peptide inhibitors. Accordingly, replacement(More)
The loss of motor control severely impedes activities of daily life. Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) offer new possibilities to treat nervous system injuries, but conventional BCIs use signals from primary motor cortex, the same sites most likely damaged in a stroke causing paralysis. Recent studies found distinct cortical physiology associated with(More)
Stroke and other nervous system injuries can damage or destroy hand motor control and greatly upset daily activities. Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) represent an emerging technology that can bypass damaged nerves to restore basic motor function and provide more effective rehabilitation. A wireless BCI system was implemented to realize these goals using(More)
We present a coactive algorithm for learning a human expert's preferences in planning trajectories for information gathering in scientific autonomy domains. The algorithm learns these preferences by iteratively presenting solutions to the expert and updating an estimated utility function based on the expert's improvements. We apply these algorithms, in the(More)