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Revascularization of the damaged tissue is pivotal to tissue repair. Here, by bringing together two in vitro model systems, we have been able to examine (1) the ability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) containing a complete hierarchy of endothelial progenitors derived from the human umbilical cord to generate vascular tubules within a human… (More)
Proangiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) prime endothelial cells to respond to "hematopoietic" chemokines and cytokines by inducing/upregulating expression of the respective chemokine/cytokine receptors. Coculture of human endothelial colony forming cell (ECFC)-derived cells with human stromal… (More)
BACKGROUND Photographic scales have become an increasingly used tool in objectively assessing outcomes in aesthetic surgery. However, no online photographic scale for assessing breast ptosis has been developed yet that is readily available. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to validate the online Rainbow Scale for the assessment of breast ptosis for the… (More)
BACKGROUND The provision of cosmetic interventions and their advertising have recently come under intense scrutiny in the wake of the PIP scandal and Keogh report. AIM A study of Scottish websites offering esthetic procedures was conducted to determine adherence to the advertising standards and regulations currently in place. METHODS Regulations are… (More)
A simple, readily available digital replantation model in the chicken foot is described. This high fidelity model will hopefully allow trainees in hand surgery to gain further experience in replant surgery prior to clinical application.