Thamburaj Krishnamoorthy

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In the initiation phase of eukaryotic translation, eIF5 stimulates the hydrolysis of GTP bound to eIF2 in the 40S ribosomal pre-initiation complex, and the resultant GDP on eIF2 is replaced with GTP by the complex nucleotide exchange factor, eIF2B. Bipartite motifs rich in aromatic and acidic residues are conserved at the C-termini of eIF5 and the catalytic(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae GCN4 mRNA 5'-leader contains four upstream open reading frames (uORFs) and the CPA1 leader contains a single uORF. To determine how these uORFs control translation, we examined mRNAs containing these leaders in cell-free translation extracts to determine where ribosomes were loaded first and where they were loaded during(More)
Direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are type A fistulae according to Barrow’s classification. Endovascular treatment of these lesions is challenging. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the endovascular treatment of direct CCFs. We also describe the technique, symptomatology and complications associated with the procedure and report on the(More)
Although a wide spectrum of reversible periictal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities (RPMA) are being increasingly identified, the clinicians are often in a dilemma about their localization significance. This prompted us to analyze the clinical, MRI, electroencephalographic (EEG) and follow-up data of 12 patients with RPMA seen in a tertiary(More)
Leukoencephalopathy is a recognized complication with intrathecal or intravenous methotrexate (MTX). We report a 59-year-old lady who developed MTX leukoencephalopathy with long-term low-dose oral MTX. She developed posterior leukoencephalopathy (PLE) that initially was reversible on discontinuation of oral MTX. Four months later, she developed disseminated(More)
Translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) is a heterotrimeric protein that transfers methionyl-initiator tRNA(Met) to the small ribosomal subunit in a ternary complex with GTP. The eIF2 phosphorylated on serine 51 of its alpha subunit [eIF2(alphaP)] acts as competitive inhibitor of its guanine nucleotide exchange factor, eIF2B, impairing formation of the(More)
We present three consecutive patients with central neurocytoma in whom proton MRS demonstrated the presence of alanine. Three patients in the age range 24 to 30 years underwent MRI and proton MRS using a 1.5-T system. MRS was performed with the multivoxel PRESS sequence. All three patients underwent surgery and the diagnosis of central neurocytoma was(More)
Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD, dysplastic gangliocytoma) is an extremely rare cerebellar lesion of uncertain etiology. The debate as to whether it constitutes a neoplastic, malformative, or hamartomatous lesion is still continuing. In this report we explore the usefulness of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), perfusion(More)
OBJECT Vein of Galen malformations (VGMs) are extremely rare intracranial lesions. Clinical presentation and management strategies vary significantly in different areas of the world. The authors report their experience in evaluation, management, and long-term follow up of these lesions in India. METHODS Between October 1983 and June 2003, 25 patients with(More)
We report a case of variant origin of superior thyroid artery (STA), occipital artery (OA) and ascending pharyngeal artery (APA) from the cervical segment of internal carotid artery (ICA) in a 63-year-old male patient, who presented with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. Four-vessel angiography showed asymptomatic occlusion of ICA giving origin to the(More)