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Immunosuppressant drugs, such as methotrexate, are able to inhibit cytokine production and leukocyte migration to inflammatory foci; therefore, they could modify the establishment of inflammation in adipose tissue during obesity. Thus, we studied the effects of methotrexate in vivo on high-fat diet induced-obesity in mice and in vitro in isolated and(More)
Animal venoms have been valuable sources for development of new drugs and important tools to understand cellular functioning in health and disease. The venom of Polybia paulista, a neotropical social wasp belonging to the subfamily Polistinae, has been sampled by headspace solid phase microextraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.(More)
Polybia-MPII (INWLKLGKMVIDAL-NH2), a mastoparan isolated from the crude venom of the swarming wasp Polybia paulista, was injected into the left hind limb of Swiss white mice. Between 3 h and 21 days later the mice were killed and the soleus muscles from both hind limbs were removed. Sections of the muscles were made for transmission electron microscopy and(More)
The effect produced by the nitric oxide donor SIN-1 on monosynaptic reflexes was examined. Experiments were performed on anesthetized, paralyzed and spinalized cats. Lumbar monosynaptic reflexes were produced by stimulation of Ia afferents. I.v. application of SIN-1 (500 microg/kg) produced a mean marked potentiation of 704% of pre-drug control (100%) in(More)
In a previous study, we showed that the Polybia paulista wasp venom causes strong myonecrosis. This study was undertaken to characterize the myotoxic potency of mastoparan (Polybia-MPII) isolated from venom (0.25 microg/microl) and injected in the tibial anterior (TA) muscle (i.m.) of Balb/c mice. The time course of the changes was followed at muscle(More)
Prospective studies of snake bite patients in Chittagong, Bangladesh, included five cases of bites by greater black kraits (Bungarus niger), proven by examination of the snakes that had been responsible. This species was previously known only from India, Nepal, Bhutan and Burma. The index case presented with descending flaccid paralysis typical of(More)
A previous study has shown that lumbar spontaneous cord dorsum potentials (CDPs) are produced by background activity of a neuronal ensemble located in the dorsal horn. Here, the effects produced by intravenous application of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-N(G)-nitro arginine (L-NOARG, 100 microg/kg) and of the nitric oxide donor(More)
This study describes the effects of Bothrops marajoensis venom (Marajó lancehead) on isolated neuromuscular preparations of chick biventer cervicis (CBC) and mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND). At low concentrations (1µg/ml for CBC and 5µg/ml for PND), the venom exhibited a neuromuscular blocking without any damaging effect on the muscle integrity. At(More)
Mastoparan firstly described as an inducer of mast cell granules exocytosis has been also related to many essential mechanisms of cell function. In skeletal muscle tissue the best characterization of mastoparan effect was induction of myonecrosis. We examined the ability of mastoparan Polybia-MPII from Polybia paulista wasp venom to induce apoptosis and(More)
Iron is an important micronutrient, but it can also act as a dangerous element by interfering with glucose homeostasis and inflammation, two features that are already disturbed in obese subjects. In this work, we study the effects of systemic iron supplementation on metabolic and inflammatory responses in mice with hypoferremia induced by obesity to better(More)