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Coenzyme Q (Q) is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in eukaryotic cells but also is present in other cellular membranes where it acts as an antioxidant. Because Q synthesis machinery in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is located in the mitochondria, the intracellular distribution of Q indicates the existence of intracellular Q(More)
Coenzyme Q (ubiquinone or Q) plays a well known electron transport function in the respiratory chain, and recent evidence suggests that the reduced form of ubiquinone (QH2) may play a second role as a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. To probe the function of QH2 as an antioxidant in vivo, we have made use of a Q-deficient strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q or Q) is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in eukaryotic cells. There are eight complementation groups of Q-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants designated coq1-coq8. Here we report that COQ8 is ABC1 (for Activity of bc(1) complex), which was originally isolated as a multicopy suppressor of a(More)
A major liability of existing nicotine vaccine candidates is the wide variation in anti-nicotine immune responses among clinical trial participants. In order to address this liability, significant emphasis has been directed at evaluating adjuvants and delivery systems that confer more robust potentiation of the anti-nicotine immune response. Toward that(More)
Mucosal surfaces provide first-line defense against microbial invasion through their complex secretions. The antimicrobial activities of proteins in these secretions have been well delineated, but the contributions of lipids to mucosal defense have not been defined. We found that normal human nasal fluid contains all major lipid classes (in micrograms per(More)
HIV virus-like particles (VLPs) present the HIV envelope protein in its native conformation, providing an ideal vaccine antigen. To enhance the immunogenicity of the VLP vaccine, we sought to improve upon two components; the route of administration and the additional adjuvant. Using HIV VLPs, we evaluated sub-cheek as a novel route of vaccine administration(More)
Coq3 O-methyltransferase carries out both O-methylation steps in coenzyme Q (ubiquinone) biosynthesis. The degree to which Coq3 O-methyltransferase activity and expression are dependent on the other seven COQ gene products has been investigated. A panel of yeast mutant strains harboring null mutations in each of the genes required for coenzyme Q(More)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) composed of HIVIIIB Gag and HIVBaL gp120/gp41 envelope are a pseudovirion vaccine capable of presenting antigens in their native conformations. To enhance the immunogenicity of the HIV Env antigen, VLPs were coupled to VesiVax Conjugatable Adjuvant Lipid Vesicles (CALV) containing one of four(More)
Healthcare associated infections (HAI) with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria continue to be a global threat, highlighting an urgent need for novel antibiotics. In this study, we assessed the potential of free fatty acids and cholesteryl esters that form part of the innate host defense as novel antibacterial agents for use against MDR bacteria. Liposomes(More)
The biosynthesis of ubiquinone (Q) and the functional consequences of Q-deficiency was studied in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Lipid extracts were prepared from various respiratory deficient mutants grown in the presence of p-[U-14C]hydroxybenzoic acid. Q mutant strains harboring mutations in the coq3, coq4, coq5, coq6, coq7, or coq8 genes were(More)
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