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Although the muscleblind (MBNL) protein family has been implicated in myotonic dystrophy (DM), a specific function for these proteins has not been reported. A key feature of the RNA-mediated pathogenesis model for DM is the disrupted splicing of specific pre-mRNA targets. Here we demonstrate that MBNL proteins regulate alternative splicing of two pre-mRNAs(More)
Many human hereditary neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats, and anonymous CAG expansions have also been described in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We have isolated and sequenced a novel human cDNA encoding a neuronal, small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (hSKCa3) that contains two arrays of CAG trinucleotide(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is an RNA-mediated disease caused by a non-coding CTG repeat expansion. A key feature of the RNA-mediated pathogenesis model for DM is the disrupted splicing of specific pre-mRNA targets. A link has been established between splicing regulation by CUG-BP1, a member of the CELF family of proteins, and DM1 pathogenesis. To(More)
Rran-dependent nuclear transport requires a nuclear pool of RanGTP both for the assembly of export complexes and the disassembly of import complexes. Accordingly, in order for these processes to proceed, Ran-dependent nuclear import and export assays in vitro require the addition of GTP to produce RanGTP. Notably, no ATP requirement can be detected for(More)
PURPOSE The interaction of programmed death-1 ligand (PD-L1) with its receptor (PD-1) on T cells inactivates antitumor immune responses. PD-L1 expression has been associated with poor outcomes in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) but has not been investigated in advanced RCC patients receiving VEGF-targeted therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Formalin-fixed(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of patients diagnosed with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have low-risk disease with a < 10% chance of ccRCC-specific death. DNA sequencing revealed that mutations in BAP1 (BRCA1 associated protein-1) occur in 5% to 15% of ccRCC cases and are associated with poor outcomes. The vast majority of BAP1 mutations abolish protein(More)
BACKGROUND Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in nonclear-cell RCC (non-ccRCC) and its association with clinical outcomes are unknown. METHODS Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens were obtained from 101 patients with non-ccRCC. PD-L1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in both tumor cell membrane and tumor-infiltrating(More)
Comprehensive sequencing of human cancers has identified recurrent mutations in genes encoding chromatin regulatory proteins. For clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), three of the five commonly mutated genes encode the chromatin regulators PBRM1, SETD2, and BAP1. How these mutations alter the chromatin landscape and transcriptional program in ccRCC or(More)
It is known that transformed mammalian cells can spontaneously inactivate genes at low frequency by the de novo methylation of promoter sequences. It is usually assumed that this is due to DNA methyl transferase activity, but an alternative possibility is that 5-methyldCTP is present in these cells and can be directly incorporated into DNA. The ongoing(More)
INTRODUCTION Vulvar cancer is uncommon in Singapore and to date there have been no local reports on this rare cancer. This is a descriptive study that aims to evaluate our patients' profiles, their management and their outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 1981 and December 1998, there were 35 patients with vulvar cancer treated at KK Women's(More)