Thaddeus M. Davenport

Learn More
Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against HIV-1 Env V1V2 arise in multiple donors. However, atomic-level interactions had previously been determined only with antibodies from a single donor, thus making commonalities in recognition uncertain. Here we report the cocrystal structure of V1V2 with antibody CH03 from a second donor and model Env(More)
PG9 and PG16 are antibodies isolated from a subject infected with HIV-1 and display broad anti-HIV neutralizing activities. They recognize overlapping epitopes, which are preferentially expressed on the membrane-anchored trimeric form of the HIV envelope glycoprotein (Env). PG9 and PG16 were reported not to bind to soluble mimetics of Env. The engineering(More)
The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) mediates viral entry into host cells and is the sole target of neutralizing antibodies. Much of the sequence diversity in the HIV-1 genome is concentrated within Env, particularly within its gp120 surface subunit. While dramatic functional diversity exists among HIV-1 Env isolates-observable even in the context of(More)
Vaccinia virus (VV) has been used to express a variety of heterologous proteins, including HIV envelope (Env) glycoproteins. The Env protein is synthesized as a precursor molecule, gp160, which is cleaved into the surface antigen gp120 and the transmembrane protein gp41. Even though production of gp160 by the VV expression system has been described, its use(More)
Antibody somatic hypermutation (SHM) and affinity maturation enhance antigen recognition by modifying antibody paratope structure to improve its complementarity with the target epitope. SHM-induced changes in paratope dynamics may also contribute to antibody maturation, but direct evidence of this is limited. Here, we examine two classes of HIV-1 broadly(More)
Antibody-antigen interactions are governed by recognition of specific residues and structural complementarity between the antigen epitope and antibody paratope. While X-ray crystallography has provided detailed insights into static conformations of antibody-antigen complexes, factors such as conformational flexibility and dynamics, which are not readily(More)
  • 1