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Transmembrane pores induced by amphiphilic peptides, including melittin, are often modeled with the barrel-stave model after the alamethicin pore. We examine this assumption on melittin by using two methods, oriented circular dichroism (OCD) for detecting the orientation of melittin helix and neutron scattering for detecting transmembrane pores. OCD spectra(More)
Using small-angle neutron scattering and dynamic light scattering, we have constructed partial structural phase diagrams of lipid mixtures composed of the phosphatidylcholines dimyristoyl and dihexanoyl doped with calcium ions (Ca2+) and/or the negatively charged lipid, dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG). For dilute solutions (lipid concentration < or(More)
We have studied the phase behavior of binary mixtures of long- and short-chain lipids, namely, dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dihexanoyl phosphatidylcholine (DHPC), using optical microscopy and small-angle neutron scattering. Samples with a total lipid content of 25 wt %, corresponding to ratios Q ([DMPC]/[DHPC]) of 5, 3.2, and 2, are found to(More)
We observe the spontaneous formation of path-dependent monodisperse and polydisperse phospholipid unilamellar vesicles (ULV) from two different equilibrium morphologies specifically, disklike micelles and extended lamellae, respectively. On heating beyond a temperature Tc, low temperature disklike micelles, or so-called bicelles, transform into lamellae.(More)
Rafts, or functional domains, are transient nano- or mesoscopic structures in the exoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane, and are thought to be essential for many cellular processes. Using neutron diffraction and computer modelling, we present evidence for the existence of highly ordered lipid domains in the cholesterol-rich (32.5 mol%) liquid-ordered(More)
BACKGROUND Soluble Alzheimer's Abeta oligomers autoinsert into neuronal cell membranes, contributing to the pathology of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and elevated serum cholesterol is a risk factor for AD, but the reason is unknown. We investigated potential connections between these two observations at the membrane level by testing the hypothesis that(More)
We used circular dichroism (CD) to study differences in CD spectra between α-, δ-, and methylated-α-tocopherol in solvents with different polarities. CD spectra of the different tocopherol structures differ from each other in intensity and peak locations, which can be attributed to chromanol substitution and the ability to form hydrogen bonds. In addition,(More)
and the instructor Liliana Borcea, in the Spring semester of 1998. We thank the faculty in the CAAM department for their enthusiastic support of this new course. We also thank Professors Matthias Heinkenschloss, Yin Zhang and William Symes for very helpful lectures and suggestions. 1 Now that we have a picture of the domain, we need to write down some(More)
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