Thaïs Cristina Baeta Soares Souto-Padrón

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Epimastigote forms of the pathogenic parasite Trypanosoma cruzi were used to study the endocytic process in a protozoon. These elongated unicellular organisms are highly polarized cells: endocytosis occurs only at the anterior region through the cytostome and the flagellar pocket membrane, areas of the plasma membrane where the cell cytoskeleton, formed by(More)
A monospecific polyclonal antibody obtained against a cysteine proteinase isolated from epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi was used for the immunocytochemical localization of the protein by electron microscopy and to analyse the role played by cysteine proteinase in the process of T. cruzi-host cell interaction. Cytoplasmic structures that correspond to(More)
The transformation of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes to the mammal infective metacyclic trypomastigotes (metacyclogenesis) can be performed in vitro under chemically defined conditions. Under these conditions, differentiating epimastigotes adhere to a surface before their transformation into metacyclic trypomastigotes. Scanning and transmission electron(More)
A cell-wall-associated phosphatase in hyphae of Fonsecaea pedrosoi, a fungal pathogen causing chromoblastomycosis, was previously characterized by the authors. In the present work, the expression of an acidic ectophosphatase activity in F. pedrosoi conidial forms was investigated. The surface phosphatase activity in F. pedrosoi is associated with the cell(More)
In the presence of sialic acid donors Trypanosoma cruzi acquires up to 10(7) sialic acid residues on its surface, in a reaction catalyzed by its unique trans-sialidase. Most of these sialic acid residues are incorporated into mucin-like glycoproteins. To further understand the biological role of parasite sialylation, we have measured the amount of mucin in(More)
In the present work ecto-phosphatase activity in Herpetomonas muscarum muscarum has been characterized using live parasites. This enzyme hydrolyzed p-nitrophenylphosphate at a rate of 4.27 nmol Pi/mg of protein.min. A pH curve was generated, in which these intact flagellates showed the highest phosphatase activity at pH 6.5. Classical inhibitors for acid(More)
Chagas disease chemotherapy is based on drugs that exhibit toxic effects and have limited efficacy, such as Benznidazole. Therefore, research into new chemotherapeutic agents from natural sources needs to be exploited. Apis mellifera venom consists of many biologically active molecules and has been reported to exhibit remarkable anti-cancer effects, often(More)
In this study, we report the ultrastructural and growth alterations caused by cysteine peptidase inhibitors on the plant trypanosomatid Phytomonas serpens. We showed that the cysteine peptidase inhibitors at 10 microM were able to arrest cellular growth as well as promote alterations in the cell morphology, including the parasites becoming short and round.(More)
Viral manipulation of the transduction pathways associated with key cellular functions such as actin remodeling, microtubule stabilization, and survival may favor a productive viral infection. Here we show that consistent with the vaccinia virus (VACV) and cowpox virus (CPXV) requirement for cytoskeleton alterations early during the infection cycle, PBK/Akt(More)
When epimastigote forms ofTrypanosoma cruzi grown in a rich medium (LIT) are transferred to a simple, chemically defined medium (TAU3AAG, containing Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+,l-proline,l-glutamate, andl-aspartate in phosphate buffer, they transform into trypomastigote forms. Morphometric analysis of transmission electron micrographs of thin sections of parasites(More)