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The paper describes a strategy for measuring and characterizing myocardial motion in terms of velocity parameters derived from measurements with a segmented black blood prepared phase contrast gradient echo sequence. The characteristic parameters are calculated by transforming the velocities measured on a pixel-by-pixel basis across the left ventricle from(More)
OBJECTIVE To selectively investigate postganglionic sympathetic cardiac neurons in patients with Parkinson's disease and autonomic failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a pharmacologically inactive analogue of noradrenaline, which is similarly metabolized in noradrenergic neurons. Therefore the uptake of radiolabelled MIBG(More)
In this paper we compare Nash equilibria analysis and agent-based modelling for assessing the market dynamics of network-constrained pool markets. Power suppliers submit their bids to the market place in order to maximize their payoffs, where we apply reinforcement learning as a behavioral agent model. The market clearing mechanism is based on the(More)
BACKGROUND The release of endothelium-derived relaxing factors has been shown experimentally to be of pivotal importance for the maintenance of coronary blood flow during increased demand. In humans with coronary atherosclerosis, endothelial vasodilator dysfunction is not confined only to epicardial conductance vessels but may also extend into the coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE Sacroiliitis is often difficult to diagnose in the absence of radiographic alterations. For the diagnosis of active sacroiliitis, plain radiography, scintigraphy, and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were evaluated in a prospective study. METHODS In 44 consecutive patients with complete clinical and laboratory evaluation, plain(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prognostic value of echocardiographic findings in patients who present with symptoms suggestive of acute pulmonary embolism. DESIGN 317 patients with clinically suspected pulmonary embolism were prospectively evaluated by echocardiography for the presence of right ventricular afterload stress and right heart or pulmonary(More)
This paper reports the results of a prospective study carried out to evaluate a new reading method of tomographic 99mTc red blood cell (RBC) imaging in liver hemangiomas. For this purpose, assessment of planar imaging and conventional, static 99mTc-RBC SPECT presentation (x-ray type film) (Method 1) was compared to a dynamic three-view display of SPECT(More)
The anatomical and functional status of the epifascial and subfascial lymphatic compartments was analyzed using two compartment lymphoscintigraphy in five groups of patients (total 55) with various forms of edema of the lower extremities. Digital whole body scintigraphy enabled semiquantitative estimation of radiotracer transport with comparison of(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with coronary artery disease, coronary angiography is performed for assessment of epicardial coronary artery stenoses. In addition, myocardial scintigraphy is commonly used to evaluate regional myocardial perfusion. These two-dimensional (2D) imaging modalities are typically reviewed through a subjective, visual observation by a(More)