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The impact of inner city air pollution on the development of respiratory and atopic diseases in childhood is still unclear. In a cross sectional study in Dresden, Germany, 5,421 children in two age groups (5-7 yrs and 9-11 yrs) were studied according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) phase II protocol. The prevalences(More)
Living conditions in eastern Germany have changed rapidly since unification in 1990 and little is known about how these changes affect the prevalence of atopic diseases. This study describes methods and prevalences of a large epidemiological project investigating determinants of childhood asthma and allergies in eastern (Dresden and Leipzig) and western(More)
UNLABELLED SAFETY and efficacy of sublingual (sublingual-swallow) immunotherapy (IT) with house dust mite extract were evaluated in 30 children (6-15 2/3 years of age) over the first 12 months of an ongoing study. The cumulative dose was 570 micrograms Der p I (five times that administered with subcutaneous therapy). SAFETY One patient on active treatment(More)
The role of repeated infections early in life in the development of childhood asthma and allergies has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repeated episodes of fever and antibiotic treatments during the first years of life on the prevalence of asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and atopy at school age in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether breast feeding is associated with prevalent overweight in pre-adolescent children. METHODS Cross-sectional studies of 9 to 10-y-old children attending fourth grade in 1995/1996 in Dresden (n=1046) and Munich (n=1062), Germany, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase II protocol.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Coeliac disease (CD) can be present without any, only a few, or many symptoms. Since asymptomatic CD can have the same complications and also carries the same risk for malignant disease as clinically typical CD inadequately treated by diet, early diagnosis is essential. The prevalence of asymptomatic CD in the Dresden region was(More)
Asthma prevalence is increasing in adult and paediatric patients. In the present study, the association between different leisure time activities and new onset of wheezing was analysed in adolescents aged 16-18 yrs taking part in a questionnaire-based follow-up of the International Study on Asthma and Allergies in Childhood in Munich and Dresden, Germany.(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies suggest that the prevalence of sensitization to cockroach allergens may be higher in the United States than in Europe, but there are no comparable data from population-based studies. OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of allergic sensitization to German cockroach (GCR) in German schoolchildren and to assess its clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic Dermatitis (AD), hayfever and asthma are commonly summarized as atopic diseases. The spatial distribution of AD differs from that of asthma and hayfever, suggesting that AD might follow a different risk pattern than these diseases. AD can be differentiated into an allergic extrinsic form (EAD) and a non-allergic intrinsic form (IAD). Only(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined affective and cognitive components of body image related to physical appearance, weight, and health among 120 university men and women of three racial/ethnic groups: African American, European American, and Latino/a American. METHOD Participants completed a Background Information Sheet, the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations(More)