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Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has been employed for the analysis of conformations of poly(L-lysine)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLL-g-PEG) molecular bottle brushes in aqueous solutions. The degree of polymerisation of the PEG chains was systematically varied in order to unravel dependence of the conformational properties of the bottle brushes on(More)
Thin azobenzene polymer films show a very unusual property, namely optically induced material transport. The underlying physics for this phenomenon has not yet been thoroughly explained. Nevertheless, this effect enables one to inscribe different patterns onto film surfaces, including one- and two-dimensional periodic structures. Typical sizes of such(More)
A detailed structural analysis of a Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) multilayer composed of a polyelectrolyte-amphiphile complex (PAC) is presented. The PAC is self-assembled from metal ions, ditopic bis-terpyridines, and amphiphiles. The vertical structure of the LB multilayer is investigated by X-ray reflectometry. The multilayer has a periodicity of 57 A, which(More)
We describe the use of reverse Monte Carlo refinement to extract structural information from angle-resolved data of a Bragg peak. Starting with small-angle neutron scattering data, the positional order of an ensemble of flux lines in superconducting Nb is revealed. We discuss the uncovered correlation functions in the light of topical theories, in(More)
The self-diffusion of lithium in congruent LiNbO3 single crystals was investigated at low temperatures between 379 and 523 K by neutron reflectometry. From measurements on (6)LiNbO3 (amorphous film)/(nat)LiNbO3 (single crystal) samples, Li self-diffusivities were determined in single crystals down to extremely low values of 1 × 10(-25) m(2) s(-1) on small(More)
We present the results of time-dependent x-ray and visible light (VIS) scattering measurements during formation of surface relief grating (SRG). These gratings are formed on polymer films containing azobenzene side groups during pulselike exposure with a holographic pattern of circularly polarized light at 488 nm. The SRG formation is accompanied by a(More)
The glass transition process gets affected in ultrathin films having thickness comparable to the size of the molecules. We observe systematic broadening of the glass transition temperature (T(g)) as the thickness of an ultrathin polymer film reduces below the radius of gyration but the change in the average T(g) was found to be very small. The existence of(More)
A basic understanding of the properties of thin polymer films is of fundamental importance for developing applications in nanotechnology. Results of energy and angle dispersive x-ray reflectivity measurements on polymer thin films as a function of temperature exhibit reversible negative thermal expansion below the glass transition temperature T(g). Above(More)
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