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The aim of this (15)O-labelled H(2)O bolus positron emission tomography (PET) study was to analyse the hemispheric dominance of the vestibular cortical system. Therefore, the differential effects of caloric vestibular stimulation (right or left ear irrigation with warm water at 44 degrees C) on cortical and subcortical activation were studied in 12(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) signal increases (activations) and BOLD signal decreases ("deactivations") were compared in six healthy volunteers during galvanic vestibular (mastoid) and galvanic cutaneous (neck) stimulation in order to differentiate vestibular from ocular motor and nociceptive functions. By(More)
Seventy-one patients with unilateral supratentorial infarctions were evaluated with respect to static vestibular function in the roll plane, including determinations of the subjective visual vertical, skew deviation, and ocular torsion. Since animal studies have revealed at least four different areas of the parietal and temporal cortex involved in(More)
The vestibular system--a sensor of head accelerations--cannot detect self-motion at constant velocity and thus requires supplementary visual information. The perception of self-motion during constant velocity movement is completely dependent on visually induced vection. This can be linear vection or circular vection (CV). CV is induced by large-field visual(More)
The differential effects of optokinetic stimulation with and without fixation suppression were analysed in an fMRI study in 10 right-handed healthy subjects. Horizontal and vertical small-field optokinetic stimulation activated the same multiple visual, ocular motor and vestibular cortical and subcortical areas in both hemispheres. The extent of activation(More)
Visual stabilization of posture is critically dependent on stimulus characteristics as well as on the performance of the visual system. The purpose of the present investigation was to obtain quantitative data in man by means of posturography of fore-aft and lateral body sway in relation to different visual stimulus characteristics. Visual acuity, when(More)
A retrospective study was conducted on 90 patients with episodic vertigo that could be related to migraine as the most probable pathomechanism. Since the majority of the patients did not fulfill the criteria of the International Headache Society (IHS) for basilar migraine, the diagnosis was substantiated by disease course, medical efficacy in treating(More)
We determined the subjective visual vertical (SVV), ocular torsion (OT), skew deviation, and lateral head tilt in 35 patients with acute thalamic infarctions (14 paramedian, 17 posterolateral, and four anterior polar) and in five patients with mesodiencephalic hemorrhages to obtain the tonic effects on vestibular function in the roll plane. Eight of 14(More)