Thércia Guedes Viana

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Direct activation of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor in the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG) inhibits anxiety- and panic-related behaviours in experimental animals. It has remained unclear, however, whether the local endocannabinoid signalling is recruited as a protective mechanism against aversive stimuli. The present study tested the hypothesis that(More)
Aripiprazole is an antipsychotic that acts as a partial agonist at dopamine receptors. As the effects of most drugs of abuse converge to enhance dopamine-mediated neurotransmission, the present study was designed to test the hypothesis that aripiprazole would inhibit the acute effects of ethanol, a widely abused substance. Male Swiss mice received acute(More)
Panic disorder (PD) is a subtype of anxiety disorder in which the core phenomenon is the spontaneous occurrence of panic attacks. Although studies with laboratory animals have been instrumental for the understanding of its neurobiology and treatment, few review articles have focused on the validity of the currently used animal models for studying this(More)
Cocaine is an addictive substance with a potential to cause deleterious effects in the brain. The strategies for treating its neurotoxicity, however, are limited. Evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system exerts neuroprotective functions against various stimuli. Thus, we hypothesized that inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the main(More)
BACKGROUND Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse drug reaction associated with thrombosis, and its paradoxical nature is a challenging issue for the diagnosis. The '4Ts' scoring system represents a simple and efficient way to improve clinical diagnoses of the syndrome. This system classifies patients as having high, intermediate, and low(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the biological origin of injectable unfractioned heparin available in Brazilian market by discussing the impact of the profile of commercial products and the changes in heparin monograph on the drug safety. METHODS The Anvisa data base for the Registered Products of Pharmaceutical Companies and the Dictionary of Pharmaceutical(More)
The endocannabinoid system comprises the CB1 and CB2 receptors (the targets of the Cannabis sativa compound delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids) arachidonoyl ethanolamide (anandamide) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol, their synthesizing machinery and membrane transport system, and the hydrolyzing enzymes fatty acid amide(More)
Aripiprazole is an antipsychotic that acts as a partial agonist at dopamine D2 receptors. In addition to its antipsychotic activity, this compound blocks the effects of some psychostimulant drugs. It has not been verified, however, if aripiprazole interferes with the effects of caffeine. Hence, this study tested the hypothesis that aripiprazole prevents(More)
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