Thérèse Hunter

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The structurally homologous mononuclear iron and manganese superoxide dismutases (FeSOD and MnSOD, respectively) contain a highly conserved glutamine residue in the active site which projects toward the active-site metal centre and participates in an extensive hydrogen bonding network. The position of this residue is different for each SOD isoenzyme (Q69 in(More)
The NRF2 transcription factor (nuclear factor-erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2) has been identified as a key molecular player in orchestrating adaptive cellular interactions following a wide spectrum of cellular stress conditions that could be either extracellular or intracellular. Dysregulation of the NRF2 system is implicated in various disease states,(More)
Muscarinic receptors are a functionally important family of G-protein-coupled receptors. Using a combination of rapid amplification of 5' cDNA ends and reporter gene assays, we characterized the 5' untranslated region of the CHRM2 gene as expressed in human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells. A splice site is present 46 bp upstream from the ATG start codon.(More)
Two genes encoding manganese superoxide dismutase (sod-2 and sod-3) have been identified in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Each gene is composed of five exons, and intron positions are identical; however, intron sizes and sequences are not the same. The predicted protein sequences are 86.3% homologous (91.8% conservative), and the cDNAs are only 75.2%(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans expresses two manganese superoxide dismutase enzymes (MnSOD-2 and MnSOD-3) that are targeted to the mitochondrion. MnSOD-2 is constitutively expressed, while synthesis of MnSOD-3 is inducible. The structures of these two mononuclear metalloenzymes have been determined to 1.8 and 1.7 A resolution, respectively. Pink crystals formed in(More)
A series of recent studies have provided initial evidence about the role of specific intra-molecular interactions in maintaining proteins in their soluble state and in protecting them from aggregation. Here we show that the amino acid sequence of the protein monellin contains two aggregation-prone regions that are prevented from initiating aggregation by(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a gene (sod-3) encoding manganese superoxide dismutase from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The protein-coding region spans 943 bp including three intron sequences and encodes a protein of 227 amino acids (M(r) = 26,367) of which the first 33 amino acids are the presumed mitochondrial-targeting signal peptide. The deduced(More)
We have generated a site-directed mutant of the manganese superoxide dismutase SOD-3 of C.elegans (MnSOD-3) which modifies the metal specificity of the enzyme. While wild-type MnSOD-3 functions with manganese in the active site (3600 U mg-1 of protein) it has little or no activity when iron is incorporated. However, when histidine replaces glutamine 142 in(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is a molybdoflavoprotein mainly involved in purine catabolism. It exists in two forms, the oxidase (XO) and dehydrogenase (XDH) which are inter-convertible within mammalian cells. Although various researchers have reported the extraction of mammalian XOR, no extractions have yet been carried out in Malta and subsequently no(More)