Teunis A. Eggelte

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Malarial parasitaemia below the threshold of microscopy but detectable by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays is common in endemic regions. This study was conducted to examine prevalence, predictors, and effects of submicroscopic Plasmodium falciparum infections in pregnancy. In a cross-sectional study among 530 pregnant women in Ghana, plasmodial(More)
Registration in Europe of several artemisinin drugs for the treatment of malaria can soon be expected. Artemisinin is isolated from the herb Artemisia annua, in use in China more than 2000 years as a herbal tea against fever. Artemisinin drugs are being used extensively in South-East Asia and increasingly in Africa. Active derivatives have been synthesized(More)
Thirty-two monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) to Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, M. bovis BCG and M. leprae were produced. The spleen cells of BALB/c mice immunized with sonicated or intact bacilli were fused with Sp2/0-Ag-14 myeloma cells. Many more antibody producing hybridomas were found when M. tuberculosis, rather than M. leprae, was used as the immunogen.(More)
Hemoglobin (Hb) C has been reported to protect against severe malaria. It is unclear whether relative resistance affects infection, disease, or both. Its extent may vary between regions and with disease pattern. We conducted a case-control study of children with severe malaria, asymptomatic parasitemic children, and healthy children in Ghana. HbAC did not(More)
The haemoglobin (Hb) variants HbS and HbC protect against severe malaria. Yet, the influence particularly of HbC on asymptomatic or mild Plasmodium infection is not well established. In a dry season cross-sectional survey among 2108 children aged 0.5-9 years in the Northern Region of Ghana, Plasmodium species and density, as well as Hb, were analysed with(More)
Both use of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and SP-resistance of Plasmodium falciparum are increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Mutations in the P. falciparum dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) and dihydropteroate synthase (dhps) genes can predict treatment failure of SP, however, the degree of this relationship varies regionally. In northern Ghana, pre-treatment(More)
Plasmodium falciparum can be detected by microscopy, histidine-rich-protein-2 (HRP2) capture test or PCR but the respective clinical relevance of the thereby diagnosed infections in pregnant women is not well established. In a cross-sectional, year-round study among 839 delivering women in Agogo, Ghana, P. falciparum was screened for in both, peripheral and(More)
Use of intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) during pregnancy (IPTp-SP) has become policy in much of sub-Saharan Africa but crucially depends on the efficacy of SP. We assessed the frequency of the dhfr triple mutation among Plasmodium falciparum isolates obtained from pregnant Ghanaian women in 1998, 2000, and 2006. The(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) alone, SP plus amodiaquine (AQ), and SP plus artesunate (AS) was assessed in a randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blind trial among 438 children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in northern Ghana. Clinical and parasitological responses were monitored for 28 days following(More)
Little is known about the distribution and disease association of multiple Plasmodium falciparum infections in pregnant women. Genotyping of the merozoite surface protein-1 region was performed in 332 P. falciparum infected pregnant women in Ghana, and clinical and epidemiologic data were obtained. Overall, 68% of the women were infected with more than one(More)