Tetuhiko Shirasaka

Learn More
A set of mutations [Ala-62-->Val(A62V), V75I, F77L, F116Y, and Q151M] in the polymerase domain of reverse transcriptase (RT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) confers on the virus a reduced sensitivity to multiple antiretroviral dideoxynucleosides and has been seen in HIV-1 variants isolated from patients receiving combination chemotherapy with(More)
In this phase II trial 31 patients with advanced gastric cancer (21 with metastatic cancer and 10 with locally advanced cancer) were treated with a continuous 24-hour infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 330 mg/m2/day plus low-dose cisplatin (CDDP) 6 mg/m2/day by bolus infusion on days 1-5. The regimen with a combination of 5-FU and low-dose CDDP (FLDP) was(More)
The antiviral activity of azidothymidine (AZT), dideoxycytidine (ddC), and dideoxyinosine (ddI) against HIV-1 was comparatively evaluated in PHA-stimulated PBM. The mean drug concentration which yielded 50% p24 Gag negative cultures were substantially different: 0.06, 0.2, and 6 microM for AZT, ddC, and ddI, respectively. We found that AZT was(More)
A series of 6-substituted 2',3'-dideoxypurine ribofuranosides (ddP) was enzymatically synthesized with live E. coli in an effort to enhance the lipophilicity of this class of anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) compounds and thereby facilitate drug delivery into the central nervous system. All 6-halo-substituted ddPs were substantially more lipophilic,(More)
A trial of FP therapy, a novel systemic chemotherapy consisting of 5-FU and low-dose CDDP, was carried out in patients with advanced gastric cancer and the clinical effects were evaluated. Five hundred mg/body/day of 5-FU was continuously administered via the central venous catheter for 7 consecutive days and 10mg/day of CDDP was rapidly administered with(More)
Four 2-amino-6-halo- and four 6-halo-2',3'-dideoxypurine ribofuranosides (ddPs) were synthesized and tested for in vitro activity to suppress the infectivity, cytopathic effect, Gag protein expression, and DNA synthesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The comparative order of in vitro anti-HIV activity of the eight 6-halo-ddPs was as follows:(More)
We attempted to determine whether HIV-1 developed resistance to (--)-2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine ((--)-3TC or 3TC, lamivudine) in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection during therapy with 3TC. Genotypic analysis of HIV-1 strains isolated from 6 patients receiving 3TC revealed that as early as 2 months of therapy,(More)
A set of five mutations (A62V, V75I, F77L, F116Y, and Q151M) in the polymerase domain of reverse transcriptase (RT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), which confers on the virus a reduced sensitivity to multiple therapeutic dideoxynucleosides (ddNs), has been identified. In this study, we defined the biochemical properties of RT with such(More)
Transition state mimetic tripeptide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors containing allophenylnorstatine [(2S,3S)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenylbutyric acid] were synthesized and tested for activity against HIV in vitro. Two compounds, KNI-227 and KNI-272, which were highly potent against HIV protease with little inhibition of other aspartic(More)